R evolution of Enterprise Resource Planning systems with particular reference to SAP.docx

R evolution of Enterprise Resource Planning systems with particular reference to SAP.docx

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Describe in detail the evolution of Enterprise Resource Planning systems with particular reference SAP? Introduction This guide aims to give more details on the historical evolution of the ERP, citing the types of integrated systems that have emerged with the passing of time and technological advances. The beginnings of ERP The year was 1950, a period surrounded by the expansion of large industries, and an urgent need to account for all the requests that came to these factories. Thousands of people working beyond the bill to get everything delivered on schedule and the economy continued to move and grow, after all, this was a common interest of the American population. Among the most technological machines of the time were the pompous and gigantic mainframes (the grandmothers of what we now call the computer) occupying spaces that were the size of a room, in order to process information that today is archaic in face of the available processing power. However, even though they were slow and gigantic, mainframes were already more labour-intensive than humans, and were of great importance for large factory orders to be delivered accurately. Seeing that this was a useful technology in the business sphere, the investment of these big companies begins to emerge, aiming to perfect this tool. Definition Material Requirements Planning (MRP) Material Requirements Planning (MRP), a module in SAP ERP, is a planning tool to help production and procurement planners create feasible and realistic plans so they can quickly initiate the procurement or production processes.
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MRP - Material Resource Planning MRP systems perform the functions of planning the use of inputs and administration of production processes, in order to maintain adequate inventories and production lines operating. These systems enable companies to calculate the amount of material needed to manufacture and the appropriate time to acquire it, based on ordering and sales forecasting. At the end of World War II, there was a great growth in the US economy due to the scarcity generated by the war. With the increase in the demand for goods, an enormous amount of pending orders originated, and the companies had to adapt to meet this demand. By the late 1950s, demand had declined, and orders were less
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