Hpa311 lesson 7.docx - Hpa311 lesson 7 medicalcare...

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Hpa311 le sson 7 The Importance of Quality and Safe Healthcare How many of you know of an experience where you believe there was an error in someone’s  medical care? On any given day, about 1 in 25,000 patients have an infection caused by their medical care,  most commonly from surgery sites or in the lungs, but also the bloodstream, urinary tract, and  gastrointestinal areas. One in every nine patients who acquire an infection in the hospital will die from it. Watch this video on healthcare-associated infections in the U.S. by the Centers for Disease  Control and Prevention. Healthcare-Associated Infections in the United States <div class="player-unavailable"><h1 class="message">An error occurred.</h1><div  class="submessage"><a href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-FfMCv8FUXI" target="_blank">Try  watching this video on www.youtube.com</a>, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your  browser.</div></div> As you can see, a number of individuals, their families and care providers are affected each  year by medical errors. Medical Errors The Institute of Medicine estimates tens of thousands of people lose their lives due to medical errors every year. To further understand the history of medical errors, and the importance of quality and safety in healthcare, view this lecture by Dr. Harvey Feinberg, president of the Institute of Medicine. You may be surprised to learn that, while the CDC collects extensive data about leading causes of death, doctors are instructed to list the underlying cause of death – the condition that leads an individual to seek treatment – on death certificates, which excludes medical errors. A recent study estimated that if added in, medical errors would be the third leading cause of death: 1. Heart disease 2. Cancer 3. ➤ Medical errors 4. Chronic lower respiratory disease
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5. Accidents 6. Strokes To get to high quality health care and safety, we must examine their patterns. To examine these patterns, we must also understand how healthcare quality and safety are measured . History of Quality and Safety Measurement Let’s review the history behind how healthcare quality and safety are measured today. In 2001, the Institute of Medicine Report Crossing the Quality Chasm , defined quality as “the degree to which health services for individuals and populations increases the likelihood of desired health outcomes and are consistent with current professional knowledge.” As you may recall from our discussion in Lesson 6, the report identified six aims for improving access to care that included: 1. Safe – avoiding injuries to patients from the care that is intended to help them; 2. Effective – providing services based on scientific knowledge to all who could benefit, and refraining from providing services to those not likely to benefit; 3. Patient-Centered – providing services based on scientific knowledge to all
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