Hoffman_chap12.doc - Chapter 12 Becoming a Physical...

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Chapter 12 Becoming a Physical Activity Professional Presentation Guide I. Introduction to the spheres of professional practice and the physical activity professions (figure 12.2) II. What is a profession? a. Continuum from nonprofessional to semi or minor professional to professional occupation (figure 12.3) b. Characteristics of a profession Key Point: Those who are preparing for a position in the physical activity professions should know what a profession is, the type of work professionals do, how one gains entry to and acceptance in a profession, the obligations of professionals, and the most important factors to consider in preparing for a career in the physical activity professions. i. Professionals have mastered complex skills grounded in systematic theory and research. 1. Professionals as practitioners 2. Types of skills that make professionals experts (motor, cognitive, perceptual, and interpersonal) 3. Types of knowledge that make professionals experts (figure 12.4) Key Point: Professionals develop a range of cognitive, perceptual, and motor skills, anchored in theoretical, workplace, and practice knowledge, that enable them to achieve predetermined outcomes efficiently and effectively. ii. Professionals perform services for clients or patients. 1. Service based on commitment 2. Services rendered are expert 3. Service based on clients' needs and interests (clients should not be totally dependent on the professional) Key Point: The touchstone of professional work is the delivery of expert services to improve the quality of life for others, always with priority given to the client’s welfare. iii. Professionals possess a monopoly on delivery of services. Key Point: Professionals are granted monopolies because only they possess the knowledge and skills to meet particular needs of the community. From S. Hoffman. 2013, Introduction to kinesiology instructor guide, 4th ed. (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics).
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iv. Professionals collaborate with colleagues to ensure high standards and ethical practices (formal and informal). 1. Role of professional societies and conferences 2. Importance of ethical conduct principles and standards 3. Licensure and professionalism Key Point: Professionals have a stake in maintaining high standards of conduct for all practitioners in their profession. To accomplish this, professional organizations make opportunities available for continuing education by their members and publish guidelines specifying acceptable and unacceptable ethical conduct. v. Professionals adhere to standards of their professional subculture. Key Point: Professionals perform services for clients in a variety of subcultures. The delivery of services relies on complex skills and knowledge. Part of being a professional is possessing and maintaining a monopoly on the delivery of specialized services and working to maintain high standards of professional and ethical conduct.
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