Foreign paper.docx - inAlgeria,Egypt,Iran,andSyria....

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Islamic fundamentalism assumed a radical and militant orientation after the military  overthrow of the existing regimes and the formation of an intrusive bureaucratic ideological state in Algeria, Egypt, Iran, and Syria. The following factors promote the rise of the Islamic  fundamentalism in these countries: rapid economic development, demographic expansion, the  development of modern social classes—in Particular, the Rise of the New Middle Class, the  expansion of Institutions of Higher Learning, and massive expansion of the Administrative and  Military Organization of the Secular State. The Muslim Brothers are the most powerful organization representing Islamic  fundamentalism in modern Egypt. This organization signified a major shift in the country’s  cultural conditions due to their considerable sociopolitical influence. As an alternative, the  founder Hasan al-Banna, proposed a vision of Islam as an all-encompassing religion. Originally created in Aleppo in 1935, and then moved to Damascus in 1944, the Syrian branch of the Muslim Brothers started as a moderate Islamic movement. These two Muslim Brothers  groups in Egypt and Syria operated autonomously, yet there was still a similarity between  structures, identifying themselves as parts of a single Islamic movement. 
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