PDF Lecture 12 - Intelligence.pdf

PDF Lecture 12 - Intelligence.pdf - Intelligence Psych...

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Psych 85-102: Introduction to Psychology Kody Manke Feb 27, 2018 Intelligence
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Intelligence (Dr.!) Kody J. Manke General Psychology Stanford University July 14, 2016
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Checkin’ In University sending out a survey on course workload this Sunday – maybe give it a quick fill out, cool? Because research. Speaking of – how’s your research requirement coming along? Wrapping up learning…
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Today’s Outline Behaviorism Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Limits of Behaviorism Observational Learning / Modeling Preparedness to learn Thinking about reinforcements
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Today’s Outline What is intelligence? Why do individuals differ in scores on intelligence tests? Why do groups differ in scores on intelligence tests?
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“Intelligence is a very general mental capability that, among other things, involves the ability to reason, plan, solve problems, think abstractly, comprehend complex ideas, learn quickly and learn from experience.” Gottfredson, 1997 Defining intelligence
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Psych 85-102: Introduction to Psychology Kody Manke Feb 27, 2018 Intelligence
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Proposed components of intelligence Crystallized intelligence Fluid intelligence Processing speed and memory capacity Emotional intelligence Practical intelligence Creative intelligence Musical, naturalistic, bodily-kinesthetic …
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Raven’s Progressive Matrices
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Raven’s Progressive Matrices
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The WAIS
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Outline What is intelligence? Why do individuals differ in scores on intelligence tests? Why do groups differ in scores on intelligence tests?
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Nature Identical twins more similar than fraternal twins Adopted children more similar to biological mother than adopted mother
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Nurture Genetically identical twins do not have identical IQs Changing the environment changes intelligence
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Can IQs be boosted? French study of adopted children 65 of these children were abused/neglected IQ < 86 before adoption Children were adopted between 4-6 years old Adoptive families differed in SES Measured IQ again at adolescence (13.5 years)
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Adapted from Duyme, Dumaret, & Tomkiewicz, 1999 Can IQs be boosted?
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Lay theories of intelligence
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Imagine two hypothetical students … Student A believes … People have a certain amount of intelligence, and they can’t really do much to change it. People can learn new things, but they can’t really change their basic intelligence. Student B believes … No matter who people are, they can significantly change their intelligence. People can change even their basic intelligence level considerably.
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Entity (fixed) theory : Intelligence is fixed. Incremental (malleable) theory : Intelligence can be modified.
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Fixed mindset Intelligence is a fixed trait that can t change Growth mindset Intelligence is something you can change through effort Beliefs About Intelligence Asked students if they agreed or disagreed with various statements about intelligence Found students had two kinds of beliefs
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