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patomorfo 12.docx - 1 In 77-year-old patient suffered with...

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1. In 77-year-old patient suffered with atherosclerosis the pain has appeared in the right foot. The foot is enlarged in size, its skin has black color and is macerated; the demarcation line is not clear. What pathological process takes place in a patient? A. Wet gangrene * B. Coagulative necrosis C. Sequestrum D.Dry gangrene E. Noma 2. A 65-year-old patient, who suffered from arteriosclerosis, has been hospitalized in surgical department because he had purulent peritonitis. Thrombosis of mesenteric arteries was found during operation. What is the most probable cause of peritonitis? A. Hemorrhagic infarction * B. Angiospastic ischemia C. Angioneurotic edema D.Stasis E. Chronic congestion 3. The presence of the grains of chromatin in a focus of caseous necrosis is a manifestation of: A. Karyorhexis * B. Karyolysis C. Karyopyknosis D.Mitotic activity of nuclei E. Apoptosis 4. It was found stopping of breathing and blood circulation in- patient after traffic accident. Resuscitation was successful. Call that condition of patient. A. Clinical death * B. Social death C. Biological death D.Physiologic death E. Agony
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5. Highly injured person gradually died . Please choose the indicator of biological death: A. Autolysis and decay in the cells * B. Loss of consciousness C. Absence of movements D.Absence of palpitation E. Disarray of chemical processes 6. Call a kind of an infarct according to macroscopic signs, which is characteristic in myocardium. A. White with a hemorrhagic halo * B. Hemorrhagic C. Anemic D.Mixed E. Red 7. A woman, who was in a bed in forced position for a long time, has died because of a tumoral dissemination (multiple metastases and carcinomatosis of a peritoneum) of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma. During the autopsy the large areas of necrosis of the skin and underlying soft tissues of sacral part were found out. Call a kind of a necrosis. A. Bedsore * B. Infarct C. Sequester D.Caseous necrosis E. Waxy-like (Zenker’s) necrosis 8. The examination of the child with measles showed the non-clear border edematous fluctuated areas of red-black color in the soft tissues of the cheeks and perineum . What complication did develop in the child? A. Wet gangrene (noma) * B. Dry gangrene C. Gas gangrene D.Bedsore E. Trophic ulcer
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9. A patient with diabetes mellitus suddenly began having sharp pain in his right foot. The examination revealed black hallux, swallen foot tissues, focuses of epidermis detachment, secreta with unpleasant smell . What clinico-morphological form of necrosis developed in a patient? A. Wet gangrene * B. Bedsore C. Infarction D.Sequester E.Dry gangrene 10. At histologic examination of tuberculoma resected from right lung a necrosis in center is found out. Call a kind of the necrosis. A. Caseous * B. Fatty C. Liquefactive D.Coagulative E. Gangrene 11. Which kind of necrosis is typical for extracellular substance?
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