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3-22-2018 Lesson Plan Bureau Power and Foreign Power.docx

3-22-2018 Lesson Plan Bureau Power and Foreign Power.docx

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Agenda : 1. Research Paper (Professor Rogowski will provide more details soon) 2. Readings 3. Questions (including about the midterm, which will be the same format) Questions to consider and tying the readings together 1. Why does the president have bureaucratic power? 2. Can the president wield that power for political purposes? 3. In what realm is the president more powerful, foreign or domestic? 4. How can bureaus account for this difference? Lewis and Moe – The Presidency and the Bureaucracy ABSTRACT Presidential advantages in maintaining the bureaucracy THEORY The bureaucracy is initially set in motion by Congress, and funding can stipulate rules etc. to guide it What can the president do? 1) Act Unilaterally (Congress/Courts can only react, which can be difficult) President sets the agenda, and even if Congress musters the will to oppose, president can veto 2) The president can get involved in the legislative process (veto, persuasion, etc.) Besides, Congress is incentivized to delegate as much power as possible for success And when they do, the president can snatch it up 3) The President has energy, Congress is slow and requires agreement Congress has a collective action problem…effort is costly and success isn’t that rewarding 4) President is motivated because they represent broad interests, they fight for control Congress is not so motivated, they often have to give up their district for the common good Thus they don’t fight against the president’s usurpations very hard DATA/METHODS (Case studies/Historical Analysis) 3 cases looked at in this chapter: 1) Strategic use of appointments (personnel) 2) Extended control of the budget (budgets) 3) Centralized the review of agency rulemaking (regulatory review) RESULTS Personnel : Appointees Whenever there is unified government, Congress wants to increase the bureaucracy to wrest control from those who were previously “blanketed-in” But because controlling the bureaucracy is hard, a divided Congress doesn’t rein it in Targeting Management Agencies
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