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Subjuctive Review Moodle.pptx

Subjuctive Review Moodle.pptx - The subjunctive From SPAN...

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The subjunctive From SPAN 1102: Conéctate textbook 12.3 P. 364 and Para saber más p. 492
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¡Qué día horrible! Tengo un examen, mi novio y yo nos separamos, y tengo un grano enorme en el frente. Te recomiendo que comas chocolate
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The subjunctive is not a tense, it is a mood. Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, future). Mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.
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The subjunctive is not a tense, it is a mood. Tense refers to when an action takes place (past, present, future). Mood merely reflects how the speaker feels about the action.
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There are 3 moods in Spanish: El indicativo El imperativo El subjuntivo Reports fact Commands Expresses desire, wish, doubt, suggestions, etc.
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Examples of the subjunctive in English: The doctor recommends that he take the pills with food. Subjunctive conjugation: he take In this case, “ recommends ” is in the present indicative and “ he take ” is in the present subjunctive.
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Examples of the subjunctive in English: I doubt that he studied. Subjunctive conjugation: he studied In this case, “ I doubt ” is in the present indicative, and he studied ” is in the past subjunctive. We will only focus on the present subjunctive for now.
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The law requires that you be 21 years old to drink alcohol. Subjunctive conjugation: you be If I were a rich man, I wouldn't have to work hard. Subjunctive conjugation: I were
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The 3 moods of Spanish The indicative mood is used to express factual information, certainty, and objectivity. The imperative mood is used to order someone to do something. The subjunctive mood is used to express desire, hope, want, recommendation, possibility, hypothesis, opinion, suggestion, wish, emotional reaction, disbelief, denial, doubt… The subjunctive frequently follows ‘ que ’ in the sentence.
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You are going to Peru in December. Tú vas al Perú en diciembre. This sentence merely reports the fact that you are going to Peru in December, so the indicative mood is used. Ir is conjugated in the indicative mood.
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Let’s change the sentence slightly: I don't doubt that you are going to Peru in December. No dudo que tú vas al Perú en diciembre. In this sentence, the clause "no dudo" introduces a quality of certainty , -- the speaker has no doubt, so, again, the indicative mood is used in the second clause ( vas ) as well as the first ( no dudo ) .
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Let’s make another slight change to the sentence: I doubt that you are going to Peru in December. Dudo que tú vayas al Perú en diciembre. This time, the clause "dudo" introduces a quality of uncertainty , -- the speaker has doubt, so here the subjunctive mood is used in the second clause (vayas) .
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The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity and to give advice to someone. The subjunctive mood does not express certainty and objectivity: Let’s compare the terms subjective vs.
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