Subjunctive guide.docx - Spanish Subjunctive Guide The...

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Spanish Subjunctive Guide The subjunctive ( El subjuntivo ) can be tricky to grasp for English speakers, as it's rare in our language. I'm putting this guide together in the hopes that it will help those who struggle with this aspect of Spanish. What is the subjunctive? The subjunctive is a verb mood . What does that mean? A verb mood, of which there are four, shows the meaning behind a verb, not the time at which it occurred - the subjunctive a tense. The four verb moods which exist are the indicative , the conditional , the subjunctive , and the jussive . The indicative is the easier form which is learnt first - used for things like facts or definite situations, like “He was here”. The conditional is used for situations which are dependent on other situations to be able to occur, like “I would go, if I had the time“. The jussive is the form used for the “Let's ...“ and imperative forms of the verb, like “Let's eat” and “Eat!”. The subjunctive, however, is used in situations of doubt, desire, opinion, and others, which will be shown later. How to conjugate the subjunctive - Present Tense To conjugate the subjunctive in the present tense, take the yo form of the verb, remove the final -o, then add the personal endings:
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So, let's look at these endings on some verbs: Due to orthographical rules in Spanish, the spelling of some verbs changes when they are put into the subjunctive. Here are the endings that change, with an infinite and the yo form of the subjunctive as an example: There are unfortunately irregular verbs in the subjunctive. Some of these are: Ser: Se- (For example, “Yo sea“, “Ellos sean“)
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Estar: Est-; For all persons except nosotros , the final -e becomes -é (For example, “Tú estés“, “Nosotros estemos“) Dar: D-; For yo & él/ella , the final -e becomes -é (For example, “Yo dé“, “Nosotras demos“) Saber: Sep- (For example, “Tú sepas“, “Ellas sepan“) Haber: Hay- (For example, “Ella haya“, “Vosotras hayáis“) Also, verbs which have a different conjugation for nosotros/nosotras and vosotros/vosotras keep these as the stem for the subjunctive. For example, the verb “Poder“ is conjugated in the indicative as follows: Yo puedo Tú puedes Él/Ella puede Nosotros/Nosotras podemos Vosotros/Vosotras podéis Ellos/Ellas pueden Therefore, the conjugation of “Poder“ in the subjunctive is: Yo pueda Tú puedas Él/Ella pueda Nosotros/Nosotras podamos Vosotros/Vosotras podáis Ellos/Ellas puedan How the present subjunctive is used The use of the present subjunctive can be hard to get the hang of at first, as it appears so seldom in English (an example being “I suggest that he go “). If you've already encountered the subjunctive in other languages like Italian, it will be a bit easier, as many of the “subjunctive phrases” will carry over to Spanish. Likewise,
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  • Fall '07
  • Smith
  • Spanish, Grammatical mood, Subjunctive mood, Spanish Subjunctive Guide, subjunctive phrases

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