Caribbean Studies Geographical Phenomena.pptm

Caribbean Studies Geographical Phenomena.pptm - Caribbean...

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Caribbean Studies Geographical Phenomena ONEIL HALL
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Define plate tectonics, identify the Caribbean plate and describe its movement and interaction with other plates Identify earthquake and volcano zones, and assess the impact of these natural hazards Assess the social and economic consequences of hurricanes Identify causes of soil erosion and methods of soil conservation Discuss the importance of coral reefs, for example in coastal protection and sustainability of the fishing industry Assess the social and economic impact of droughts and floods LEARNING OBJECTIVES
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Geomorphology tells us about the evolution and configuration of rocks, soils and landforms. Knowledge here fosters safe conservative use of these features. It informs how we regulate changes made to these features to prevent danger/disaster; zoning and building codes; develop industries, plan settlements; pursue sustainable development Human ecology makes us aware of how human communities and their environments are related. This knowledge: enhances efforts to preserve the environment through education and awareness as well as laws; foster better attitudes towards and strategies for the use of the environment maximise our enjoyment of the environment The study of geography enhances our ability to adapt to and develop within our environment informs our preparation for natural events in ways that limit their negative effects Why study Geographical phenomena?
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Our environment influences our: settlement patterns industries/industrial activity folklore, proverbs, idioms, sayings foods/diets dress architecture infrastructure social integration recreation international relations/trade travel
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Collectively the land area of the Caribbean is only 91,000 square miles. The region can be divided into subregions: Greater Antilles (88% of the land area in the Caribbean) Lesser Antilles (4% of the land area) The Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Cayman Islands Netherland Antilles Drier areas of the Caribbean include the leeward side of the Greater Antilles and flat lands such as the Netherland Antilles. Windward coasts which experience relief rainfall are wetter than leeward coasts. The region experiences fairly uniformed temperatures because of its location in the tropics Except for a tropical storm in 1933, Trinidad is largely unaffected by cyclonic storms because of its southerly location – these systems usually develop east of the Lesser Antilles. In the typical hurricane season, an average of 60 systems is likely to develop. There are at least 17 active volcanoes in the Lesser Antilles The Caribbean plate is surrounded by 6 other plates.
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