Evidence base Psychology.doc

Evidence base Psychology.doc - [NOT FOR CIRCULATION WITHOUT...

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[NOT FOR CIRCULATION WITHOUT PERMISSION] A Systematic Review 1 of the Evidence Base for Energy Psychology Methods. [from Psychoanalytic Energy Psychotherapy. By Phil Mollon. To be published by Karnac, London. 2007.] In this review, studies of all varieties of meridian-tapping and somato-sensory stimulation that are used to disrupt dysfunctional cognitive-emotional patterns are outlined. However, there are a number of differing theories and hypotheses about the mechanisms underlying the observed therapeutic effects – and, indeed, different methods may operate through slightly different, albeit related, processes. These competing hypotheses are a matter of ongoing debate and research. Summary Thought Field Therapy (TFT) is based on Dr. Roger Callahan’s observation that when particular sequences of acupressure points are tapped an associated anxiety or other psychological distress is eliminated; the roots of this discovery lay within the field of Applied Kinesiology. Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT), a derivative of TFT, is a widely used method of rapid emotional desensitisation, with similarities to EMDR, which also contains a tapping procedure. Many EMDR practitioners incorporate EFT and related methods into their work. All the components of EFT are found in other widely used psychological methods. The modes of action of EFT and TFT, although related, may be somewhat different. In addition to TFT and EFT, there are many other approaches within the broad field of energy psychology. Like other cognitive, behavioural, and psychodynamic methods, EFT involves close and detailed attention to the thoughts which give rise to dysfunctional emotions and behaviour. By contrast, TFT seeks more precisely the encoding of the psychological problem in the energy field of the body. These may be considered complementary emphases. TFT, EFT, and related methods, are easily learned by clients as simple self-help tools of affect regulation. For best results with complex mental health problems, TFT and EFT should be incorporated within a wider 1
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therapeutic framework using cognitive and behavioural principles. TFT and its derivatives have been used for 25 years – with much clinical knowledge accumulated during this time. Evidence for the efficacy and clinical effectiveness of TFT, EFT, and related methods includes the following: Thousands of brief case studies Systematic clinical observation studies Randomised controlled studies Brain scan data Studies of effects on Heart Rate Variability Field studies of treatment of PTSD in disaster areas Audio-visual recordings showing behavioural change. A large 14 year audit in South America, incorporating numerous randomised, controlled, double blind trials.
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