French_Part42.pdf - une pomme un chaton(un chat une poire...

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Unformatted text preview: une pomme un chaton (un chat) une poire un chien Il y a and voici/voilà Il y a (pronounced eel ee ah) is used to say there is or there are. Il y a expresses the existence of the noun it introduces. Il y a une pomme. - There is an apple. The phrase is used for both singular and plural nouns. Unlike in English (is => are), il y a does not change form. Il y a des pommes. - There are (some) apples. The -s at the end of the most pluralised nouns tells you that the phrase is there are instead of there is. In spoken French, when both the singular and plural forms almost always sound the same, the article (and perhaps other adjectives modifying the noun) is used to distinguish between singular and plural versions. You will soon learn that a is the present third person singular form of avoir, the verb meaing to have, and that y is a pronoun meaning there. The phrase il y a, then, literally translates to he has there. You will see this phrase used in all French tenses. It is important to remember that verb stays as a form of have and not be. Like in English, il y a... is not often used to point out an object. To point out an object to the listener, use voici ("over here is/are" or "right here is/are") and voilà ("over there is/are"). ...
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