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French_Part95.pdf

French_Part95.pdf - Most verbs form the passé composé...

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Unformatted text preview: Most verbs form the passé composé with avoir, however there are a small number of verbs that are always conjugated with être. In a general case, these verbs indicate a change in state or position. List of Verbs French Grammar • Print version • audio (upload) Perfect Past with Être Passé composé avec être Verb Example aller Je suis allé au cinéma. I went to the cinema. venir Je suis venu en France. I came to France. arriver Le train est arrivé. The train has arrived. partir Elle est partie travailler. She left to go to work. rester Je suis resté à la maison. I stayed home. retourner Il est retourné au restaurant. He returned to the restaurant. tomber Je suis tombé dans la piscine. I fell into the pool. naître Je suis né en octobre. I was born in october. mourir Il est mort en 1917. He died in 1917. passer Il est passé devant la maison. It happened in front of the house. monter Je suis monté au sommet. I climbed to the top. descendre Il est descendu du train. He got out of the train. sortir Je suis sorti avec mes amies. I went out with my friends. entrer Je suis entré dans ma chambre. I entered my room. rentrer Il est rentré tôt de l'école. He came back early from school. The verbs that take être can be easily remebered by the acronym MRS. DR VANDERTRAMP: M R S D R monté resté sorti devenu revenu V A N D E R T R A M P venu arrivé né descendu entré rentré tombé retourné allé mort parti Moreover, all the pronominal verbs (with se), like se cacher (to hide oneself) or se demander (to wonder), are ALWAYS conjugated with être. Direct Objects One must know that these verbs take their conjugated avoir when they are immediately followed by a direct object For Example: Je suis descendu with the direct object "mes bagages" becomes: J'ai descendu mes bagages. Another example: Je suis monté with the direct object "mes bagages" becomes: J'ai monté mes bagages. Yet another example but with ils instead of Je: ...
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