Unformatted text preview: les sciences natural
chemistry l'informatique (f)
la technologie engineering la littérature
la physique physics
la musique other subjects
music G: Passé Composé with Regular Verbs
Main article: French/Grammar/Tenses/Present perfect
The passé composé is a perfect tense, and is therefore composed of an auxiliary verb and a past participle.
With most verbs, that auxiliary verb is avoir. Meaning
In English, verbs conjugated in the passé composé literally mean have/has ____ed. While there is a simple
past tense in French, it is almost only used in formal writing, so verbs conjugated in the passé composé can
also be used to mean the English simple tense.
For example, the passé composé form of parler (to speak), [avoir] parlé, literally mean has/have
spoken, but also means spoke. Basic Formation
To conjugate a verb in the passé composé, the helping verb, usually avoir, is conjugated in the present
indicative and the past participle is then added.
Auxiliary Verb - Avoir
Conjugate avoir in the present indicative.
j'ai I have nous avons we have
tu as you have vous avez you have
il a he has ils ont
-er verbs - replace -er with é
-ir verbs - replace -ir with i
-re verbs - replace -re with u
irregular verbs - varies, must be memorized.
Formation of the Past Participle
Verb Group Infinitive Stem Past Participle
-er verbs jouer jou joué -ir verbs fin fini finir ...
View Full Document