French_Part77.pdf

French_Part77.pdf - les sciences natural d'autres...

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Unformatted text preview: les sciences natural d'autres naturelles sciences matières la biologie biology le dessin la bio la chimie chemistry l'informatique (f) la technologie engineering la littérature la physique physics la musique other subjects drawing computer science literature music G: Passé Composé with Regular Verbs Main article: French/Grammar/Tenses/Present perfect The passé composé is a perfect tense, and is therefore composed of an auxiliary verb and a past participle. With most verbs, that auxiliary verb is avoir. Meaning In English, verbs conjugated in the passé composé literally mean have/has ____ed. While there is a simple past tense in French, it is almost only used in formal writing, so verbs conjugated in the passé composé can also be used to mean the English simple tense. For example, the passé composé form of parler (to speak), [avoir] parlé, literally mean has/have spoken, but also means spoke. Basic Formation To conjugate a verb in the passé composé, the helping verb, usually avoir, is conjugated in the present indicative and the past participle is then added. Auxiliary Verb - Avoir Conjugate avoir in the present indicative. j'ai I have nous avons we have tu as you have vous avez you have il a he has ils ont they have Past Participle -er verbs - replace -er with é -ir verbs - replace -ir with i -re verbs - replace -re with u irregular verbs - varies, must be memorized. Formation of the Past Participle Verb Group Infinitive Stem Past Participle -er verbs jouer jou joué -ir verbs fin fini finir ...
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