French_Part96.pdf - Ils sont sortis with direct...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Ils sont sortis with direct object "leur passeport" becomes: Ils ont sorti leur passeport. Subject-Past Participle Agreement When conjugating with être, the past participles of the above verbs must agree with the the subject of a sentence in gender and plurality. Note that there is no agreement if these verbs are conjugated with avoir. If the subject is masculine singular, there is no change in the past participle. If the subject is feminine singular, an -e is added to the past participle. If the subject is masculine plural, an -s is added to the past participle. If the subject is feminine plural, an -es is added to the past participle. J suis allé(e). Nous sommes allé(e)s. Tu es allé(e). Vous êtes allé(e)(s). Il est allé. Ils sont allés. Elle est allée. Elles sont allées. V: Trains and Stations Taking the Train G: The Pronoun Y Indirect Object Pronoun - to it, to them The French pronoun y is used to replace an object of a prepositional phrase introduced by à. Je réponds aux (à les) questions. - J'y réponds. I respond to the questions. - I respond to them. Note that lui and leur, and not y, are used when the object refers to a person or persons. Replacement of Places - there The French pronoun y replaces a prepositional phrase referring to a place that begins with any preposition except de (for which en is used). Les hommes vont en France. - Les hommes y vont. The men go to France - The men go there. Note that en, and not y is used when the preposition of the object is de. Idioms Ça y est! - It's Done! J'y suis! - I get it! V: Taking a Taxi...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern