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French_Part39.pdf

French_Part39.pdf - 3 First letter of the word There are...

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Unformatted text preview: 3. First letter of the word There are three definite articles and an abbreviation. "Le" is used for masculine nouns, "La" is used for feminine nouns, "Les" is used for plural nouns (both masculine or feminine), and "L' " is used when the noun begins with a vowel or silent "h" (both masculine or feminine). It is similar to English, where "a" changes to "an" before a vowel. French Grammar • Print version • audio (info •78 kb • help) The Definite Article L'article défini feminine la la fille the daughter singular [8] masculine le le fils the son singular, starting with a vowel sound l’ l’enfant the child les filles the daughters the sons plural les les fils les enfants the children Plurality, pronunciation, and exceptions The plural of most nouns is formed by adding an -s. However, the -s ending is not pronounced. It is the article that tells the listener whether the noun is singular or plural. ^ Fils: Most singular nouns do not end in -s. The -s is added for the plural form of the noun. Fils is one exception. Whenever the singular form of a noun ends in -s, there is no change in the plural form. le fils les fils un fils des fils the son the sons a son (some) sons le cours les cours un cours des cours the course the courses a course (some) courses Secondly, the final consonant is almost always not pronounced unless followed by an -e (or another vowel). Fils (pronounced feece) is also an exception to this rule. Elision Elision refers to the suppression of a final unstressed vowel immediately before another word beginning with a vowel. The definite articles le and la are shortened to l’ when they come before a noun that begins with a vowel or silent h. When pronounced, the vowel sound is dropped. (le) ami - l'ami - lahmee - the (male) friend (la) amie - l'amie - lahmee the (female) friend (le) élève - l'élève - lay lev - the student (la) heure - l'heure - leur - the hour/the time Elision does not occur on an aspired h: (le) héros - le héros - a legendary hero In addition to the definite article, elision will also occur with other words, such as que, je, le, ce, ne, and de. The details on these words will be covered in later sections of the book. The indefinite article ...
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