Notes - "How motion pictures move and talk" done...

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"How motion pictures move and talk" done by United World Firls, inc. 1943 i bell and howell was a famous camera company that was later bought out and turned to crap b the early machines had a prefocused light source, a lens, and a film moving mechanism that was built like a watch f the camera relies on the perferations on the side of the film t the sound is reproduced from a track on the side of the film stock t as the soundtrack travels through the beam, it creates electric currents that can be amplified through the speaker. they vibrate through the lightbulb that then goes to the screen v with on screen sound the picture and sound are done at the same time to that they match t the shutter goes around 3 times to create a perceptual effect of smoothness. the whole thing about persistence of vision is a stretch because if you saw two images at once, things would be blurry b the Latham Loop: relieves tension so that the film stock does not break. the reel is movint the film at a constant rate, but the frames are not moving at a constant rate. if the film moves without slack, it jerks, so the loop smooths this out w The nickelodeon Boom! (1905-1907). it is a short but important period. a nickelodeon is a small room (100-200 people can fit). ppl sit on wooden benches. they very quickly raised the price to 10 cents. but they were still cheaper than vaudeville (25-50 cents). a nickelodeon did not have scheduled films, they just ran films continuously all the time. vaudeville did have scheduled shows. a good analogy between vaudeville and nickelodeons is that VD is like fine dining and Nickelodeon is like fast food (when you think about planning). by the end of the boom there were 8,000 Nickelodeons. working class people could go to the
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Nickelodeon shows. because they are continuous runs, there are more opportunities to put people in the seats. they are extremely cheap to set up and operate (no need for ushers, etc). nickelodeons started changing films more frequently. e 1905= change 2x/wk 1 1906= change 3x/wk 1 1907= change everyday 1 in general, a nickelodeon show would be about an hour. the films were 15-20 minutes long. so in one show you saw 3 films. nickelodeons were the first dedicated film place in america. most nickelodeons were independently owned and operated. they were centered in cities t MPPC- the motion picture patents company. before the MPPC was formed- there were patent wars (1897-1907). these were continuous lawsuits about camera and projector technology. everyone wants to control the industry. the litigation was hurting the enhancement of the industry. before 1908- most films shown in the US came from europe. the US spent more money on lawsuits than production. m in 1908 the MPPC was formed from a bunch of companies that were suing eachother. they would all share free use of the patents interchangeably and not hassle one another. they were all americans besides Pathe(a french company). they let Pathe in because they were a major producer at the time. The
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Notes - "How motion pictures move and talk" done...

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