Chapter 19 Discussion Questions.docx

Chapter 19 Discussion Questions.docx - Chapter 19...

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Chapter 19 Discussion Questions 1. What is the difference between cultural relativism and ethical subjectivism? Why are both theories inconsistent with ethical objectivism? Cultural relativism claims that the correct moral standards are relative to cultures or societies. It locates the ultimate standard of morality within each culture’s commitments. It says an act is morally acceptable just because it is allowed by the guiding ideals of the society in which it is performed, and immoral just because it is forbidden by those ideals. Ethical subjectivism claims that the correct moral standards are those endorsed by each individual. It says an act is morally acceptable just because (a) I approve it, or (b) my commitments allow it. An action is wrong just because (a) I disapprove it, or (b) my commitments forbid it. The fundamental difference between these two views is whether each person, or each society, gets to have the final say in ethics. Both theories have a problem of contradiction- occurs when a statement is said to be both true and false at the same time. Theories that generate contradictions are incoherent. They can’t be true; they are muddled and inconsistent. Subjectivists have to accuse nearly everyone of misunderstanding their own moral claims. Second, such a view eliminates the possibility of moral disagreement.
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