FINALREVIEWancientcities

FINALREVIEWancientcities - ANCIENT CITIES 10/30/07...

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ANCIENT CITIES 10/30/07 "Polis- Greek city-state o City and surrounding rural area o Sanctuaries and temples in city to show base; identify with something o Sanctuaries in rural territories to make boundaries o City organizes itself; becomes a political unit o Owed allegiance to geography (citizenship); not kinship like before Synoicism o Coming together - rural areas combining o Process of urbanization o Centrally located place Colonization o Cities ventured out to coasts on Med o Polis sent out citizens to colonize o Increased Greek world o Politically and institutionally independent - Will have similar kinds of government o may create competition Mother city o Model plan for colonizing city Corcyra o Island to left of Greece o Example of colonization o Temple of Artemis Medusa (apotropaic: wards off evil beings) Connection with deity Corinth o Greece o Colonization (mother city?) o Temple of Apollo Panhellenic (all of Greece) sanctuary o Delphi o Olympia o Nemea o Greeks consider themselves similar in some way: religious nature Olympia (zeus) o Bronze votive offerings Figurines, horses, armor ‘area of competition’ – elite display Delphi o Siphnian Treasury
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o Votive dedication; civic votive (given by whole city) o Panhellenic sanctuary Polis competition: cities use votives to show off wealth Siphnian Treasury o Elaborate/ionic o Acroterion o How city advertises power to broader Greek world Control wealth; have power through resources o Caryatids: free standing females as columns o Gold found on island; set up treasury o Pediment: struggle for Delphic tripod - Apollo vs Heracles: Apollo wins o Frieze: allegory/battle scenes (troy) o Oracle – many people visiting Tyrant o Age of Tyranny: late 7th to late 6th BC o One who takes power in unconstitutional manner (not bad) o Keep people happy to maintain power = public works Peisistratos o Mid 6th c BC o Elaborated Panathenaic festival (festival of Athens) o Fountain house; shrines and temples o Son expelled from city Cleisthenes o Introduces political reform = DEMOCRACY o Created new/reformed political bodies Democracy o Idea created by Cleisthenes o Athenian democracy unique: not all polis had it o Women, slaves, foreigners not allowed to participate o Buildings in Agora Agora o market place of the city/political area o Sacred way o Panathenaic festival o Horos stones: boundary markers o Civic and economic center of city o Sacred precinct o Stoas on all four sides for shops o Greeks: liked empty; when Romans come in they fill up Doric order o Oldest in Athens o Most simple o Capital not very decorative Ionic order
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o Frieze (all around building) and volute capital o Column base Corinthian order o Column base o Flute o Acanthus leaf – most decorative 11/1/07 PERSIAN WARS o 490-480 BC (5 th C BC) o Greeks come together to defeat Persians at oath of plataea DELIAN LEAGUE o Created by Athens; everyone subordinate o Protect Greece from Persia PERIKLES o Beautified the city of Athens for political reasons (power statement)
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FINALREVIEWancientcities - ANCIENT CITIES 10/30/07...

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