Assignment 4.docx - Part I The Four Major Perspectives of...

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Part I The Four Major Perspectives of Psychology The Biological Perspective focuses on how biological forces affect behavior, feelings and thoughts. It is claimed that behavior is mostly genetic and has a flexible function. Biological psychologists search how biology influences emotions, perceptions, learning and also exposure to emotional disorders. They seek how the mind and body interact in health and illness. Many researchers focus on abnormal behavior and try to explain that through biological forces. For example, exploring how genetic factors influence such things as aggression. According to Mcleod, S. (2013), “…in the weeks immediately after the birth of a child, levels of testosterone in fathers drop by more than 30 per cent. This has an evolutionary function. Testosterone- deprived men are less likely to wander off in search of new mates to inseminate. They are also less aggressive, which is useful when there is a baby around.” The Learning Perspective is a psychological approach that focuses on how the environment and experience influence a person’s or animal’s actions. It’s believed that all behavior is learned through experiences and by interaction with the environment. It covers behaviorism and social-cognitive learning theories. Behaviorists concentrate on the environmental rewards and punishers which encourage or discourage particular behaviors. They explain behaviors by environmental factors rather than mental states. For instance, learning through observation; Albert Bandura’s Bobo Doll Experiment determines how children learn aggression through observation and interaction with other people. The Cognitive Perspective focuses on the information processing that goes on inside people’s minds, including perception, attention, language, memory, thinking and consciousness.
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