Chapter 9 u2013 Attraction.docx - Chapter 9 Attraction...

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Chapter 9 – Attraction, Love & RelationshipsAttraction-There is a great diversity in who and what we are attracted tooSignificant attention has been paid to heterosexual behaviors-Evolutionary psychology, focuses on patterns of attraction in relation to reproduction-Attraction is a subjective experienceoMany factors come to bear on who and what we find attractiveoBroad factors may include cultural standards of beauty, social environments and status (economic, social)oPersonal factors may include height, weight, age, smell (including pheromones), body movement, personality, voice, dress, and moreSmell in particular may have an impact on our sexual attraction-Sexual orientation is another major factor in attractionPatterns of Attraction-One pattern of attraction is similarity, although this is often contradicted in mainstream mediaoThe more similar you are to a person in personality traits, interest and so on, the more likely you are to be attracted to them-This is known as positive assortative matingoContradicts the idea that opposites attractIf your partner dislikes all of your interests, you are unlikely to remain together for an extended period of timeoBetter phrase to describe attraction in this case is birds of a feather flock together-Mere-exposure EffectAttractions that develop through familiarity and continuous interactions with peopleoWhen we occupy the same space as someone over a period of time, we are more likely to find them attractiveExamples: school/university, work, sports clubs, social clubs, etc.oTerm is used to simply describe being in the same physical or geographical space-Reciprocal LikingLiking someone because they like usoWe find comfort in knowing someone likes us and, therefore, like them backoPositive feelings are generated from the knowledge that we are likedoWe also tend to be attracted to people who either say nice things to us or compliment usoAlmost everyone likes to have something nice said about themoIf we know someone likes us, it also decreases the likelihood of rejection, which is appealing-People are more likely to be attracted to others in high-anxiety situationso

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