NotesChapter10edit3

NotesChapter10edit3 - Part 3 The expansion of the Nation...

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Part 3 – The expansion of the Nation Chapter 10 – Nationalism and Sectionalism -Immigration was high -Migration was very big at the time also (3 types of networks from south, from middle, and from north) -Technology helps to fuel the migration. -There is a conflict…stems from Manifest Destiny -Economics: Farming is predominant and we are a rural populations, but we will see the seeds of industrialization. -There is cheap land and we will acquire more (Florida, Oregon, Mexico territories) -Cheap labor is abundant, slavery is increasing just as fast as the non-slave population -Problems in 1820’s, 1830’s, 1840’s with illegal immigrants (Germans and the Irish). Social Life – it is very fluid, social mobility is high, people are able to earn wealth, Also, people don’t just climb the social ladder, but also the political ladder (ex. Andrew Jackson) -We see a shift in the view of the republic in that we used to think that aristocracy will lead the nation, but we see a democracy emerging -Rise in individualism -Reforms in educational system -Temperance movement (the evils of alcohol) -Slavery 1) War of 1812 a) Not a successful war b) People changed the goals of the war in the middle of the war c) NATIONALISM (“we stood up against the British empire!”) d) Federalists opposed the war, it was very factionalized, one party for the war and one against the war 2) Hartford Convention
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a) Federalists proposed 7 constitutional amendments, which were believed to limit the power of the government. Ironic because the republicans wanted small governments and the federalists originally wanted a large strong government. b) Said that need 2/3 majority in Congress to go to war c) Amendment proposed that the next president must be from a different state besides Virginia because of the “Virginia dynasty”….among many other amendments d) The Hartford Convention begins open talks of SECESSION e) By 1820, the federalist party is pretty much disappeared 3) A Republican Party state a) America becomes a republic party state b) Republicans take many ideas from the federalist party c) The Bank of the United States’ charter expired before the war, so the republicans put in 1816 a motion to charter a second Bank of the United States. d) Republicans push through tariff increases (taxes on imported goods) e) Internal Improvements i) Infrastructure, roads, and largely TRANSPORTATION ii) During the war, the british could use the big navy to mobilize quickly while American troops were running on dirt roads and swamps iii) Roads, canals, and railroads are all hot topics 4) “Era of Good Feelings” a) Growing sectionalism i) The U.S. divides into 3 geographic sectors, north ,south, and the west b) The Great Triumvirate i) Webster, Clay, Calhoun (1) John Calhoun (a) Serves in the interest of the south (2) Henry Clay (a) Represents the interests of the west
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(b) Ran for president 4 times and loses all 4 times (c) Credited with making the speaker of the house position more powerful
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NotesChapter10edit3 - Part 3 The expansion of the Nation...

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