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NotesChapter8edit5 - Niraj Shah HIST 127 Chapter 8 The...

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Niraj Shah 10/03/07 HIST 127 Chapter 8 The textbook focuses too much on political aspect, not much on social 1) America in 1790 (The Federalist Era) a) Much different than it is today i) Smaller , 1/3 size of today (just the region east of Mississippi, north of florida) ii) 3.9 million people iii) Of those, 750,000 are slaves (1/5 are slaves) iv) ½ are women (so no right) v) 80% of population lives in agrarian or rural environment (only 20% in urban area) vi) In 1790, USA was not the most powerful country in the world vii)No one knows how the USA will turn out… b) This is a unique time period i) George Washington wins the unanimous vote of electoral college ii) No one had set up a government like this at the time period iii) Washington will “seek” the assistance and advice of the Senate….after several hours of listening with the senators, Washington concludes that he will never do this again…so he is WORKING OUT THE PROCEDURES…there is nothing in the constitution about having a cabinet iv) Sets up treasury department, sets up military branch (secretary of war), Attorney general, Vice-President (John Adams) v) The cabinet was not very large and not very small vi) Washington has to set up the executive branch, and while he is doing this, the legislative branch is doing this (James Madison assumes role of speaker of the house). vii)James Madison sets up committee to craft changes to the constitution, in a matter of 2 or so years, Madison comes up with 22 amendments, 17 through the senate, 12 through the house
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Niraj Shah 10/03/07 HIST 127 (1) 10 are passed in 1791 and one remains in the books for a long time before it is passed (2) George Watson in 1976 researched the amendments and noticed that 10 passed and became bill of rights, 2 didn’t (for every 30,000 people in the united states there should be one member in the house of representatives) (In 1992, the 12 th amendment was passed, which becomes the 27 th amendment, “Congress cannot pass a pay raise for the current session”) c) The First 10 amendments (the Bill of Rights) i) It is a checklist for everything that the British did to us during the American Revolution (1) Freedom of speech, religion, press, etc. (2) CONGRESS shall make no law abridging these rights…but the states can (a) The 14 th amendment changes this…. (b) But at the time, the Bill of Rights was intended to limit the power of the Federal Government (3) Whatever power not listed in the constitution are vested into the state governments (Article 10) (a) Article 6 states that Federal government has supremacy, but still states have power d) Creating the Judiciary Branch i) Create circuit courts, 13 district courts (1 for each state) and others ii) John Jay is the first chief justice of the Supreme Court iii) The first supreme court has nothing to do because all they do is hear appeals…but there are no lower courts to issue appeals (1) The 5 justices would hear the cases on the circuits (ride the circuits) iv) There is no place to put the Judiciary….the Supreme court building is not built
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NotesChapter8edit5 - Niraj Shah HIST 127 Chapter 8 The...

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