ENG 112 Literary genre and terminology.docx - LITERARY...

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LITERARY TERMSAmbiguousMore than one meaning may be taken from a poet’s words or descriptions, such as Keats thinking of death being both a friend and an enemy.AccentThe prominence or emphasis given to a syllable or word. In the word poetry, the accent (or stress) falls on the first syllable.AlliterationThe repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words: “What would the world be, once bereft/Of wet and wildness?” (Gerard Manley Hopkins, “Inversaid”)AnapestA metrical foot of three syllables, two short (or unstressed) followed by one long (or stressed), as in seventeenand to the moon.The anapest is the reverse of the dactyl.AntithesisA figure of speech in which words and phrases with opposite meanings are balanced against each other. An example of antithesis is “To err is human, to forgive, divine.” (Alexander Pope)ApostropheWords that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea. The poem God's World by Edna St. Vincent Millay begins with an apostrophe: “O World, I cannot hold thee close enough!/Thy winds, thy wide grey skies!/Thy mists that roll and rise!”AssonanceThe repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds: “Thou still unravished bride of quietness,/Thou foster child of silence and slow time” (“Ode to a Grecian Urn,” John Keats).BalladA poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain. “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is an example of a ballad.Blank versePoetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse.CaesuraA natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line. There is acaesura right after the question mark in the first line of this sonnet by Elizabeth Barrett Browning: “How do I love thee? Let me count the ways.”Carpe diemA Latin expression that means “seize the day.” Carpe diem poems urge the reader (or theperson to whom they are addressed) to live for today and enjoy the pleasures of the
moment. A famous carpe diem poem by Robert Herrick begins “Gather ye rosebuds while ye may.”CatharsisRelease of/experiencing an emotion by experiencing a situation vicariously through reading/watching a piece of entertainment.ClassicismThe principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature. Examples of classicism in poetry can be found in the works of John Dryden and Alexander Pope, which are characterized by their formality, simplicity, and emotional restraint.ConceitA fanciful poetic image or metaphor that likens one thing to something else that is seemingly very different. An example of a conceit can be found in Shakespeare's sonnet “Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?” and in Emily Dickinson's poem “There is no frigate like a book.”ConsonanceThe repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words, as in

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