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CC 302K Notes 10.30.07 - CC 302K Classical Archaeology...

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CC 302K – Classical Archaeology Notes 10/30  Different landscapes involved in settlement of Italy – north has mountains, south has plains Italy – fractured society 1250-700 BCE? Villanovan Culture - First appear in 12 th  century, flourish between 1000-750 BCE - Largely identified through burial practices – cremate dead and bury in urns - Grey-black pottery, sometimes with applied decoration (paint, other thing applied to pot) o Shaft tomb, lined with stone o Urn set into shaft, covered with another pot as a lid o Villanovan cremation burial from Volterra Dead burned and ashes and remaining bone placed in cinerary urn - Settled agricultural towns - First used bronze, then iron became dominant metal used - Villanovan Shaft Tomb and Urn, 1000-750 BCE o Lined with stones, set into earth, urn in middle which holds bones, geometric  designs on pottery (different than greek geometric), grey black The Etruscans - Origins obscure; emerge around 750 in central Italy o Absorbed fully into Roman culture around 200 BCE, no longer exist as a  separate group - Herodotus (5 th  century BC Greek historian) claimed Etruscans were from Lydia (southern  Turkey) - Dionysius of Halikarnassos (greek historian) claimed they evolved from Villanovans – 
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