IR Theory Notes Lecture 322.docx - SECTION 1 Facts are verifiable events and developments Opinions are speculations or intuitions about how and why such

IR Theory Notes Lecture 322.docx - SECTION 1 Facts are...

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SECTION 1 Facts are verifiable events and developments Opinions are speculations or intuitions about how and why such developments have taken place George Orwell: WWII writer, how to differentiate from different sources Why was democracy successful in Germany and Japan, and why is it failing in Afghanistan and Iraq? What is the difference between the conditions in Germany and Japan in the 1940s and in Afghanistan and Iraq today? FACTORS Legacy of ethnic and religious rivalry Japan and Germany: generally homogeneous society (pure blood, nationalists) that never caused conflict Iraq and Afghanistan: mixed religions and ethnic groups Legacy of conflict with foreign powers Japan: faced loss in wars, Germany: didn’t have a choice in WWII other than to accept their failure and choice to surrender History of democratic governance Japan and Germany have prior democracy roots Political accountability Japan and Germany have little to no corruption, unlike Iraq and Afghanistan Location and Territory G&J are more manageable, infrastructure, better roads, and better location (Japan isolated), I&A are the “borders of porters” Middle East International Support Occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan caused significant criticism globally, unlike the occupied times of Japan and Germany The Next Pattern of Conflict Nature of Civilizations: evolving, allow us to identify large groups of people with symbols Why civilizations will clash? The fault lines between civilizations The Kin-Country Syndrome The West VS The Rest The Torn Countries The Confucian-Islamic Connection Implications for the West People of different civilizations have different views on: Relations between God and people The individual and the group Citizen and state Parents and children Husband and wife Rights and responsibilities Liberty and authority Equality and hierarchy Civilizations according to Scholar Huntington
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Western, Confucian, Japanese, ISlamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American and possibly African civilization The Sykes-Picot Agreement, or the Asia Minor Agreement (1916), was a secret deal between the UK, France and Russia, defining their proposed spheres of influence and control in the Middle East Middle East, Lebanon that came apart first Clans competed in Syria, Assad ruled the country and an uprising threw the Alawites in threat Why do North and South Korea remain enemies? Communist VS Democracy A clash of Civilizations? A “kin-country” syndrome? Ukraine Conflicts Ukraine is consisted of different ethnic groups and languages Ukraine Feb 2014: A violent revolt, president flees Russia annexes Crimea: Referendum March 2014 Is this a “clash” within the Slavic Civilization?
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