History 202 notes - The Neolithic Revolution and the...

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The Neolithic Revolution and the development of World History - Began in Middle East then spread to Europe - Human Developments in Africa and Eurasia o Ca. 50,000 BCE: Stone tools and jewelry o Ca. 40-45,000 BCE: Watercraft and fishing tools o Ca. 30-40,000 BCE: Specialized hunting tools, art, grave tools o Ca. 30,000 BCE: Domestication of Dogs o Ca. 9,000 BCE: Crop cultivation and domestication of other animals (The Neolithic Revolution) - Movement of populations can be traced by mitochondria DNA - What purpose would the cave paintings from Lascaux, France serve? o To record something important, they are recording hunting season or game Neolithic Grave Goods- things that were important to the person when they were alive, appeared right before Neolithic revolution began Neolithic Revolution (ca, 9,000-10,000 BCE) in the Middle East and World History What are the three factors of production? - Land - Labor - Capital (includes any built equipment- barns, plows, factories) - The addition of capital to labor creates “human capital.” (includes management “a person who is trained to manipulate resources) or specialists (persons trained and highly skilled in a specific endeavor) - The interplay of the three factors of production create wealth. The same interplay led to the Neolithic Revolution Crops Domesticated Plants Wheat Barley Peas Lentils Domesticated Creatures Dogs Sheep and goats Poultry Swine Cattle Horses
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Domestication- To adapt (a plant) so as to be cultivated by and beneficial to human beings. Or To tame (an animal) esp. by generations of breeding, to live in close association with human beings as a pet or work. Results of Domestication -Increased population. - Permanent villages, organized around food stores. -Increased yields of grain, preferably with high protein and fat content. - Fodder for animals -Specialized labor - Writing - Predictable supply of protein and hides - Power - Predictable supply of fertilizers - Zoonotic diseases ( diseases and infections which are naturally transmitted between vertebrate animals and man, without the intrusion of a vector) - Particuarlrity prevelant where people live in close contact with animals. Most find humans to be dead end vectors. But those that do not can be particularity deadly. Biological Effects of Agriculture and Domestication - Increased populations o Higher birth rates o Somewhat lower death rates. (Although human biology doesn’t respect the elderly) - Robust immunological systems o Exposure to domesticated animals o Exposure to distinct human populations. (Crossing epidemiological boundries0 o Exposure to endemic and epidemic diseases o Acquired and genetic resistance to disease Epidemic- will burn thought a population like a forest fire, chicken pox Endemic- smarter, evolve in a way in which they will not kill host but will be transmitted, gohnarria Native American Migrations and the Columbian Exchange - The exchange of diseases from Europe to the Americas o Archaeological evidence o DNA evidence (time depth, migrations)- people will have gentic mutations
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History 202 notes - The Neolithic Revolution and the...

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