LEED v4 Green Associate Made Easy.pdf - Preamble study guide and subsequently revised in Oct 2012 and November 2013 based on the feedback from

LEED v4 Green Associate Made Easy.pdf - Preamble study...

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Unformatted text preview: Preamble LEED Green Associate Made Easy was first published in Jan 2011 as a free study guide and subsequently revised in Oct 2012 and November 2013 based on the feedback from candidates. It was very well received in the market more than 4000 Professionals have downloaded it. We have received very good feedback from the candidates. With the launch of LEED V4, we have the responsibility to improve the contents of the study guide to meet the expectations. In order to maintain and improve the quality of contents I need take support from my colleagues as well. Why LEED Green Associate Made Easy? With due respect, to the Authors of popular study guides in the market, I personally feel that these study guides are not very reader friendly. For a working professional who spends 8‐10 hrs/day on work, in addition has to fulfill his family commitments may not be in a position to read a study material, which has more than 260 pages with tiny fonts and cramped line spacing. These study guides have very good content, but do not make it interesting for such a busy professional. Following are the special features of LEED Green Associate Made Easy. Specifically designed for working professionals with concise but complete contents. We have improved from the previous versions of our publications by adding more graphics content ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy The content of the book is structured by prerequisites and credits of the LEED Rating system. This will help the candidates to extend their preparation for LEED AP specialty exam. Online discussion forum at the end of each chapter enables the readers to clarify all their doubts by discussing with the Author’s. Online version of the book is also available if the reader prefers to read using pc/laptops/android devices LEED Green Associate Made easy along with practice questions are sufficient to crack the examination I would be pleased to hear your feedback & comments. Please feel free to contact me at [email protected] Good Luck for the examination! K.M. BAZEETH AHAMED 26th June, 2014. ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy LEED v4 Green Associate Made Easy – Version 2 Date: Sep. 2014 © 2011‐14 Green Building Academy ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Disclaimer The information in our website and any publications or other study materials published by the author is for information purposes only, which is to be used as a study tool for LEED exam. Study materials published in is only recommendations from the author, and reading any information on and any publications or other study materials published by the author does not guarantee passing the LEED Exam. The author has made reasonable efforts to provide current and accurate information to his readers. The author will not be held liable for any unintentional errors or omissions that may be found. LEED and USGBC are registered trademarks of the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). GBCI is a registered trademark of the Green Building Certification Institute. or the author is not affiliated, approved or endorsed by the USGBC or the GBCI. The material found on greenbuildingacademy.co may include information, products or services by third parties and viewers. Third Party Materials comprise of the products and opinions expressed by their owners. As such, the author does not assume any responsibility or liability for any Third Party Material or opinions. No part of shall be reproduced or transmitted, in whole or in part in any form, without the prior written consent of the author. ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy TABLE OF CONTENTS Content Page Preamble Authors Profile CHAPTER 1 – Introduction to LEED and Green Buildings ................ 1.1‐1.11 CHAPTER 2 – Introduction to LEED Rating Systems ........................ 2.1‐2.18 CHAPTER 3 – Location and Transportation ..................................... 3.1‐3.12 CHAPTER 4 – Sustainable Sites........................................................ 4.1‐4.18 CHAPTER 5 – Water Efficiency .......................................................... 5.1‐5.9 CHAPTER 6 – Energy and Atmosphere ............................................ 6.1‐6.19 CHAPTER 7 – Materials and Resources ........................................... 7.1‐7.16 CHAPTER 8 – Indoor Environmental Quality ................................... 8.1‐8.12 CHAPTER 9 – Integrative Process ...................................................... 9.1‐9.5 CHAPTER 10 – Bonus Categories ................................................... 10.1‐10.5 CHAPTER 11 – More about USGBC & LEED ................................. 11.1‐11.13 CHAPTER 12 – Value for Sustainable Design: Cost Vs Benefit ...... 12.1‐12.3 i ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Author’s Profile Mr. K M Bazeeth Ahamed is a trainer & consultant in Green Buildings. He has completed his Post Graduation in Mechanical Engineering from Birla Institute of Technology in 2002 and has spent 12 years in Academics, Research, Energy Audits and Green Building Consultancy. Mr. K M Bazeeth Ahamed is a Certified Energy Manager and Energy Auditor. He is a LEED AP with two specialties BD+C and O+M. He is also ASHRAE Certified Building Energy Assessment Professional and GSAS Green Certified Professional. He strongly believes certifications are the best way to develop and demonstrate professional skills. He has successfully trained more than 1500 professionals in LEED and Green Buildings. Mr. K M Bazeeth Ahamed can be reached at [email protected] ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Supporting Authors Mr. Arshad Siddiqui is an Architect by profession. Since his graduation from NED University of Engineering & Technology in 2004; he has worked for different Engineering Consultancies in Bahrain, UAE and Qatar; with projects stretching in KSA, Oman and Comoros. He has always been part and parcel of academics as visiting faculty member for different Certification Courses. Since attaining LEED AP BD+C in 2013, he is working as a Trainer and Consultant with Green Building Academy. He is actively involved in preparing course contents, Q&A and delivering lectures on behalf of Green Building Academy. Mr. Arshad Siddiqui can be reached at [email protected] Mr. G Balaji is a Green Building Consultant with Green Building Academy. He has completed his Under Graduation in Civil Engineering from Kalasalingam University in 2013. He is passionate towards the green buildings. He is LEED Green Associate and IGBC AP. He is actively involved in preparing course contents and Q&A for Green Building Academy. Mr. G Balaji can be reached at [email protected] ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1 – Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials Learning Objectives At the end of this chapter, candidates will have an understanding of • What is a Green Building? • What is the significance of Green Buildings? • What are the various Green Building rating systems? • Why LEED? • What are the various LEED Credentials? • LEED Examination information 1.1 What are the characteristics of Green Buildings? Green Buildings are Energy Efficient Water Efficient Provide better Indoor Environment & hence better living conditions Use environmental friendly or sustainable materials Produce Less waste Have lesser transportation requirement Protect/restore habitat The above characteristics results in reduced environmental impact throughout the lifecycle of the building GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.1 Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy 1.2 What is the Significance of Green Buildings? The major environmental challenges today are • Climate change • Depletion of resources • Ozone depletion • Land pollution • Water Pollution • Air Pollution There is a common perspective that industries are the major part of greenhouse gas emissions. Interestingly fig 1.1 shows that buildings are the major contributors towards greenhouse gas emissions Fig 1.1 Building’s Contribution to CO2 emission GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.2 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials Buildings directly contribute towards all the above environmental pollution. Green Buildings can be major part of the solution to these environmental issues. Interest for Green Buildings has gained significant momentum in GCC countries. Hence we would like to provide some specific statistics related to GCC countries. Fig 1.2 shows that percapita CO2 emission1 is higher in GCC countries. This could be because of climatic conditions, life style, lack of infrastructure related to public transportation etc. Percapita CO2 emissions in metric tones 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 56.2 32.8 31.2 28.8 Percapita CO2 emissions in metric tones 19 9.4 1.3 0.9 Fig 1.2 Percapita CO2 Emissions of various countries Fig 1.3 shows that Green Buildings can significantly reduce the resources used in buildings and contribute to reduced environmental impact. 1 Percapita CO2 emission is the CO2 emission of the country divided by midyear population. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.3 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials Fig 1.3 Environmental benefits of Green Buildings 1.3 How a building can be certified as Green Building? Buildings are certified as Green Buildings by various Green Building rating systems. Green Building rating systems are tools which assess the building on various aspects like energy efficiency, water efficiency, materials used, indoor environmental quality, location of site etc and certify the buildings if they qualify their preset criteria. There are numerous Green Building rating systems across the world. Below is a partial list of various Green Building rating systems • Australia: Green Star • Brazil: AQUA / LEED Brazil • Canada: LEED Canada/ Green Globes • China: GB Evaluation standard for green building GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.4 Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy • Finland: PromisE • Germany: DGNB • Hong Kong: HKBEAM • India: GRIHA and LEED India • United Arab Emirates: Pearl Rating System • United States: LEED • United Kingdom: BREEAM • Taiwan: EEWH • Qatar: GSAS 1.4 Why LEED? When there are various Green Building rating systems, why should someone bother about LEED? Here are some of the reasons • LEED‐ Internationally recognized Green Building rating system • Adapted in many countries like India, Brazil and Canada • Popular & accepted in GCC countries. Fig 1.4 shows that there are more than 750 LEED registered projects1 and 180+ LEED Certified Projects2 in GCC countries. 1 LEED registered projects: LEED registered projects are the projects which has expressed their interest to be LEED certified by filling an online application form. Registered projects are analogous to candidates who have applied for the exam 2 LEED Certified Projects: LEED Certified projects are the projects which has been successfully assessed by GBCI and got LEED Certified. Certified projects are analogous to candidates who have successfully passed the examination. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.5 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials LEED Registered & Certified Projects in GCC Countries 564 89 UAE Certified 80 83 Saudi Arabia 13 74 Qatar 1 10 1 8 0 24 Bahrain Kuwait Oman Source: USGBC Project directory as on 5th May, 2014 Fig 1.4 LEED Projects in GCC Countries 1.5 What LEED Credentials you can earn? LEED offers three levels of credentials for professionals as shown in Fig 1.5 Fig 1.5 LEED Credentials GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.6 Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy LEED Green Associate: LEED Green Associates have understanding of green building design, construction and operations. They possess knowledge level equivalent to 200 in LEED core curriculum. LEED AP: LEED Accredited Professionals will be able to implement their knowledge by facilitating Certification process in a particular LEED rating system. They possess knowledge level equivalent to 300 in the LEED core curriculum. LEED AP Credential comes with a specialty; candidates can choose the specialty based on their profile. For example a Professional in design or construction may prefer to be a LEED AP BD+C; while a facility manager shall be interested in LEED APO+M. LEED Fellow: LEED fellows are LEED APs who have demonstrated exceptional achievement in LEED and Green Buildings. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.7 Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Fig 1.6 Knowledge levels in LEED Curriculum 1.6 LEED Green Associate examination information • Exam can be taken through prometric centers in any country. • Exam Fee is USD 200 for members and USD 250 for non members • Apply for exam through • Computer based test, 100 multiples choice questions. • Total duration is 2 Hrs and 20 minutes (10 minutes tutorial on interface + 2 Hrs exam + 10 minutes exit survey) • Passing score 170/200 – This doesn’t mean 85 percentage. The evaluation is based on relative performance against baseline performance. • No negative marking • Results are available immediately after the exam GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.8 Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy 1.7 LEED Green Associate + LEED AP combined examination It is possible to take LEED Green Associate exam and the applicable LEED AP with specialty exam together; the combined exam consists of 2 parts each part contains 100 randomly delivered multiple choice questions and each part must be completed in 2 hours. Part 1 is for LEED Green Associate and Part 2 for LEED AP specialty exam. Generally we don’t recommend combined exams; unless the candidate is aggressive towards the exam preparation. 1.8 Exam interface The exam interface is extremely user friendly and convenient. If you just know how to use the mouse and keyboard, you will be comfortable. Fig 1.7 & Fig 1.8 are tentative screen shots of the interface in V3. This may be updated or changed by GBCI in V4 as there are translational aid, we will come up with updates in next revision. The interface may have the following buttons Previous/Next: Navigation buttons used to go from one question to another. Mark: Used to mark questions for reviewing later Calculator: Pops up a calculator. But there are no calculations in LEED Green Associate exam. Review: Brings a screen as shown in fig 1.8 to summarize the questions answered/unanswered or marked. You can change the answers anytime within the allotted 2 hrs. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.9 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials Fig 1.7 Exam Interface Fig 1.8 Review Screen GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.10 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 1: Introduction to Green Buildings & LEED Credentials Summary We have addressed • What is a Green Building? • What is the significance of Green Buildings? • What are the various Green Building rating systems? • Why LEED? • What are the various LEED Credentials? • LEED Examination information Have a Question in this chapter? Discuss in our forum GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 1.11 Chapter 2: Introduction to LEED Rating Systems ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 2 – Introduction to LEED Rating Systems Learning Objectives At the end of this chapter, candidates will have an understanding of What is LEED? Principles of LEED Various LEED Rating systems How does the LEED rating systems work? USGBC, GBCI & LEED Online Minimum Program requirements of LEED 2.1 What is LEED? LEED is an acronym for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. It is an internationally recognized green building rating system developed by US Green Building Council. LEED is intended to provide building owners and operators a concise framework for identifying and implementing practical and measurable green building design, construction, operations and maintenance solutions. The features of LEED are: LEED provides third party verification that a building or community is designed, built and operated in a sustainable way. Voluntary certification system. Developed on consensus based approach. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 2.1 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 2: Introduction to LEED Rating Systems LEED rating systems are developed based on triple bottom line (3Ps): Social Responsibility (People) ‐ Better living conditions for people Environmental Stewardship (Planet) ‐ Less impact on environment Economic Prosperity (Profit) ‐ Reduce the Life Cycle cost of building Fig 2.1 Triple Bottom Line 2.2 Various LEED Rating Systems 2.2.1 LEED Rating System families There are five 5 families of LEED Rating system as explained in fig 2.2. Each of these rating systems is applicable to different project typologies as explained in fig 2.3. There are 21 LEED adoptions in LEED V4. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 2.2 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 2: Introduction to LEED Rating Systems LEED for BD+C LEED for ID+C LEED for O+M LEED for ND LEED for Homes •Applicable for New construction and Major renovation of buildings •Applicable for Projects whose scope is limited to interior fit out •Existing buildings undergoing improvement •Minor upgrade may be included •Applicable for Land development projects. Mixed use developments etc •Applicable for all residential projects except high rise residential building Fig 2.2 LEED Rating systme families and their application Major Renovation includes any of the following a. Building Envelope Changes b. HVAC system changes c. Major Interior changes 2.2.2 Adoption of rating system to different project typologies GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 2.3 ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy Chapter 2: Introduction to LEED Rating Systems LEED For Building Design and Construction LEED for Homes • LEED BD+C: New Construction • LEED BD+C: Core and Shell • LEED BD+C: Schools • LEED BD+C: Retail • LEED BD+C: Healthcare • LEED BD+C: Data Centers • LEED BD+C: Hospitality • LEED BD+C: Warehouses and Distribution Centers • LEED Homes: Homes and Multifamily Lowrise • LEED Homes: Multifamily Midrise LEED for Interior Design and Construction • LEED ID+C: Commercial Interiors • LEED ID+C: Retail • LEED ID+C: Hospitality LEED for Building Operation and Maintenance • LEED O+M: Existing Buildings • LEED O+M: Data Centers • LEED O+M: Warehouses and Distribution Centers • LEED O+M: Hospitality • LEED O+M: Schools • LEED O+M: Retail LEED for Neighbourhood Development: • LEED ND: Plan • LEED ND: Build Project Fig 2.3 Adoption of LEED Rating system for different project typologies LEED for Building Design and Construction: LEED BD+C: New Construction Commercial occupancies, Institutional occupancies (museum, Church) and high‐rise residential buildings i.e. residential buildings with nine and more habitable stories. GBA/GA V4/Rev 00 Page 2.4 Chapter 2: Introduction to LEED Rating Systems ©2011‐14 Green Building Academy LEED BD+C: Core & Shell: Projects where developer has no control over the tenant fit out (shopping malls, commercial buildings, warehouses etc.). LEED BD+C: Schools Academic buildings of K‐12 schools shall qualify for LEED BD+C: Schools Nonacademic buildings of schools, post‐secondary academic buildings and pre kinder garden buildings may also qualify either for LEED BD+C: Schools or LEED BD+C: NC as per project teams decision LEED BD+C: Health Care Inpatient and outpatient health care facilities Licensed long term health care facilities. Medical offices, assisted living facilities and medical education and research centers. LEED BD+C: Retail Retail building projects like banks, restaurants, apparel, electronics, big box etc. LEED BD+C: Data Centers Specifically designed and equipped to meet the needs of high density computing equipment such as server racks...
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