180897975.doc - Running head ADMINISTRATIVE AVIATION LAW...

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Running head: ADMINISTRATIVE AVIATION LAW1Administrative Aviation LawNameInstitution
ADMINISTRATIVE AVIATION LAW2Administrative Aviation LawIntroduction The Federal Aviation Administration is a federal agency that is tasked with the responsibility of regulating all facets civil aviation. Some of the major functions of FAA include regulating commercial space transportation in the U.S., issuing, suspending, and revoking the licenses of pilots. FAA also regulates all activities of civil aviation to enhance safety. It achieves this goal using the Flight Standards District Offices. It is also the agency that implements programs for the control of environmental impacts of the civil aviation industry. FAA was formed in 1958. The Civil Aeronautics Administration (CAA) was its preceding organization. The annual budget of the agency is about $15 billion. The FAA is separated into four segments, which perform specific functions. These segments include Airports (ARP), Air Traffic Organization (ATO), Commercial Space Transportation (AST), and Aviation Safety (AVS). ARP is the business line that plans and develops airport projects and operations of airports. It ensures that the airports adhere to federal regulations. ATO is tasked with the responsibility of ensuring the safety and efficiency in the movement of traffic in the U.S. National Airspace System. ATO monitors and controls the Terminal Radar Approach Control Facilities (TRACONs) and Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCT). The role of AVS is aeronautical certification of aircraft and personnel. Finally, AST helps in maintaining the security of U.S. assets during the launch and entry of aircraft and other commercial space vehicles. Background of the Formation of FAAThe Geneses of FAA
ADMINISTRATIVE AVIATION LAW3The formation of the FAA may be traced to the enactment of the Air Commerce Act in 1926. The piece of legislation was passed to enable the aviation industry to reach its full potentialand adhere to safety standards. The act gave the Secretary of Commerce the role of enhancing aircommerce and developing and enforcing air traffic standards. The Secretary of Commerce was also tasked with the responsibility of licensing pilots and certifying aircraft. The Aeronautics Branch was the department within the Department of Commerce that helped in enforcing these measures. The Department of Commerce implemented certain initiatives to improve the aviation industry. Improvement in the status of the Aeronautics branch led to its renaming as the Bureau of Air Commerce. The increase in commercial flying is the major factor that necessitated the improvement in its status. The Bureau of Air Commerce and a group of aircrafts collaborated to develop traffic control (ATC) along the airways. However, in 1936, the bureau assumed control of the centers and started improving the ATC system. The first air traffic controllers were manually operated. Air traffic controllers used a manual method that was prone to human error.

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