Test 1 review.docx - 1 Etic is the scientific objective study of languages looking not at local observations categories explanations and interpretations

Test 1 review.docx - 1 Etic is the scientific objective...

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1. Etic is the scientific, objective study of languages, looking not at local observations, categories, explanations, and interpretations, but what a particular linguist thinks to be important. Emic looks at how native speakers think of their language: their perceptions, categories, rules of behavior, what has meaning for them, and how they imagine and explain things. These terms were developed by a linguist and come from the terms phonetic and phonemic respectively. Etic lets linguists look critically at language without the bias of a native. However, they may be unaware of a certain cultural aspect that changes meaning within a language, which is where emic comes in 2. Phone: a speech sound. Phoneme: smallest structural unit that distinguishes meaning in a language ex. /p/. Allophone: when phones are considered to be realizations of the same phoneme ex. [p]. Morpheme: A morpheme is a short segment of language that A) is a word or a part of a word that has meaning, B) cannot be divided into smaller meaningful units without changing its meaning or leaving a meaningless remainder, C) has the same stable meaning in different verbal environments ex. eat. Allomorph: Alternative versions of a morpheme, morpheme for a plural, morpheme for a past tense. 3. Phonemes are the building blocks of spoken words. Syllables are individual letters and groups of letters that represent single phonemes. Letters are the visual building blocks of written word. 4. A morpheme is the smallest meaningful element of a word. A word is a complete meaningful unit of language and always conveys meaning. A word can be made up of one or more morphemes. 5. Isolating language is a language that has a very low morpheme per word ratio and has no inflectional morphology.(It has mostly free morphemes) It also has breaks up concepts into separate words. Mandarin Chinese is an example of an isolating language. A synthetic language has a high morpheme per word ratio and convey multiple concepts into each word.(Mostly bound morphemes) Example is Spanish. Inflectional: a combo of both bound and free morphemes ex. English 6. To indicate nasalization you use ~ over the sound that you wish to indicate. Tone is
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  • Fall '17
  • Dr. Doug Falen
  • Anthropology, Phoneme, Morpheme

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