Victorian-Stucco.doc - Victorian Stucco Editor Miles Lewis...

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Victorian Stucco Editor: Miles Lewis Published by the Heritage Council of Victoria, Melbourne Victorian Stucco 1
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References throughout to the heritage website or Heritage Victoria website refer to: www.heritage.vic.gov.au which includes the searchable Victorian Heritage Database. Published by the Heritage Council of Victoria, Melbourne, March 2013. Also published at www.heritage.vic.gov.au © State of Victoria, Heritage Council of Victoria 2011. This publication is copyright. No part may be reproduced by any process except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968 . ISBN 978-1-921607-97-4 (online) Disclaimer This publication may be of assistance to you but the State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication. Heritage Victoria/Heritage Council of Victoria, Level 4, 55 Collins St, Melbourne 3000 GPO Box 2392, Melbourne, Victoria 3001 Phone: (03) 9208 3333 Fax: (03) 9208 3147 Email: [email protected] Web: www.heritage.vic.gov.au Donald Ellsmore: further editing and coordination Sue Balderstone: Index Cover images: From left ( back cover) to right Photographs by Donald Ellsmore: Detail of weathered stucco on St Patrick’s Hall, Ballarat Detail of incised decoration on house Gore Street, Fitzroy Detail on facade of Smith Street, Fitzroy Victorian Stucco 2
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Contents Introduction 6 Origins of Stucco 7 Miles Lewis 7 Stucco: Materials and Finishes 13 Donald Ellsmore 13 Stucco layering 18 Surface textures and finishes 19 Stucco materials 19 Natural and applied colour 20 Australian Stucco 24 Miles Lewis 24 Materials and Techniques of External Stucco 36 Barrie Cooper 36 External Renders: Materials, Properties and Conservation Issues 42 David Young 42 Non-hydraulic lime 43 Lime putty versus dry hydrated lime powder 44 Hydraulic limes 44 Mineralogy and colour 46 Impurities 47 Grain shape 47 Size grading 47 Clays and fine silts 47 Void ratio 47 Significance 48 Compatibility 48 Application of significance and compatibility criteria 48 Testing of stucco 50 David West 50 General overview 50 Hands-on overview 50 Detailed survey 51 The Analysis and Conservation of Stucco Surface Finishes 55 Jenny Dickens with a contribution by David Tilbrooke 55 Stucco materials 57 Stucco colourants 57 Stucco coatings 58 Maintenance coatings 59 Surface deposits 59 Documentary research 61 Sampling 61 Victorian Stucco 3
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Visual examination 62 Visual microscopy 62 Semi-micro analysis in architectural conservation investigation 63 Instrumental techniques for micro sample analysis 64 Spectroscopy 64 Chromatography 64 Electron microscopy 64 X-ray Fluorescence (XRF) and Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) 65 X-ray Diffraction (XRD) 65 Determining the architect’s or builder’s intent 65 Approach to intervention 65 Applying the results 66 Case study: ‘Benvenuta’ 69 Background 69 Project 69 Results 69 Summary 70 Conclusions 71
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