Exercise- Fallacies — or Not?.docx

Exercise- Fallacies — or Not?.docx - Exercise Fallacies...

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Exercise: Fallacies — or Not? Here, for diversion and practice, are some fallacies in action. Some of these statements, however, are not fallacies. Can you tell which is which? Can you detect what has gone wrong in the cases where something has gone wrong? Please explain your reasoning. 1. Abortion is murder — and it doesn’t matter whether we’re talking about killing a human embryo or a human fetus. a. Fallacy- begging the question. The conclusion of the argument (killing) is based on the assumption (murder) 2. Euthanasia is not a good thing, it’s murder — and it doesn’t matter how painful one’s dying may be. a. Equivocation 3. Never loan a tool to a friend. I did once and never get it back. a. Hasty Generalization. One person’s experience is not enough on which to base a conclusion. Just because on friend did not return, doesn’t mean everyone will not return 4. If the neighbors don’t like our loud music, that’s just too bad. After all, we have a right to listen to the music we like when and where we want to play it. a. Ambiguity Fallacy- The problem with this argument is that it begins with the way things are "the neighbors don't like loud music" and moves to the way things have to be or the way someone wishes themto be, "we have the right to play music as loud as we want whenever we want", without any logical way of getting from one point to the other. 5. The Good Samaritan in the Bible was pretty foolish; he was taking grave risks with no benefits for him in sight.
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  • Fall '16
  • Jennifer Vacca
  • Logic, Post hoc ergo propter hoc, Parable of the Good Samaritan, Questionable cause

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