HIST 1302 CH. 28, 29, 30, 31.docx - Chapter 28 Dwight D Eisenhower Dominated the political landscape during the 1950s Military hero of WWII who

HIST 1302 CH. 28, 29, 30, 31.docx - Chapter 28 Dwight D...

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Chapter 28 Dwight D. Eisenhower Dominated the political landscape during the 1950s Military hero of WWII who commanded the Allied Forces landing in Africa and was the supreme Allied commander as well as planner for Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of Nazi-controlled Europe First professional soldier since Ulysses S. Grant in 1868 Promised to restrain federal government and restore authority of state and local governments Promised to roll back Communism by bringing genuine independence to the captive peoples of Eastern Europe Promised to travel to Korea to secure an early and honorable end to the prolonged conflict Elected in 1952 on his popularity as a war hero and promises to clean up Washington Eisenhower Doctrine: promised to aid any nation against aggression by a communist nation Ambitious running mate that Republicans chose to balance the ticket in 1952: Richard Nixon o 39-year-old California Senator o Aggressive anti-communist o Pursuit of the Alger Hiss spying case brought him national prominence President Eisenhower promoted moderate Republicanism, or “Dynamic Conservativism.” While critical of excessive government spending on social programs, he expanded Social Security coverage and launched ambitious public works programs, such as the Federal-Aid Highway Act that constructed the Interstate Highway System Truman Served before Eisenhower during the Korean War Corrupt lobbyists rigged military contracts for Korean War. Disclosure led Truman to fire 250 IRS employees Federal-Aid Highway Act Two huge construction projects launched under Eisenhower: o St Lawrence Seaway: opened the Great Lakes to oceangoing ships o Interstate Highway System: Federal Aid Highway Act created a national network of interstate highways to serve the needs of commerce and defense, as well as the public o Funded largely by gasoline taxes o Took 25 years to construct o Largest federal project in history o Stretched 47,000 miles Postwar Prosperity During the late 1940s and throughout the 1950s, white middle class Americans enjoyed unprecedented economic growth o Divorce and homicide rates fell o People lived longer due to medical breakthroughs, including new antibiotics and the polio vaccine o Polio vaccine invented by Jonas Salk High government spending during the postwar period
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GI Bill of Rights boosted home buying and helped many veterans attend college and enter the middle class Consumer demand for homes, cars, and household goods fueled the economy Consumer Culture Society in which mass production and consumption of nationally advertised products comes to dictate much of social life and status GI Bill 1944 Bill of Rights which provided unemployment, education, and financial benefits for WWII veterans to ease their transition back to the civilian world Critics of mainstream culture in the 1950s The Beats and many other writers and artists rebelled against what they claimed was the
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