DesignStudyGuide

DesignStudyGuide - Chapter 2: From Eighteen-fifty-one to...

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Chapter 2: From Eighteen-fifty-one to Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement Study Questions Pevsner begins saying aesthetic quality of the products of England’s Industrial Revolution was atrocious. He asks why it was so bad, gives what he calls the “usual answer,” which is machine production, then explores further. What does he see as the deeper, underlying causes? Not just because of machine production – potter’s wheel and hand-loom also machines, but rather the increase in population made industries/technologies accelerate, where the social ideal had changed and making money was more important than the aesthetic quality. This lead to Liberalism, which implied complete freedom for manufacturers to produce anything they wanted to as long as people continued to buy it, which was a Rationalist Philosophy, where the manufacturer is putting their individual needs ahead of the community interest. This was done because the consumers were poor people that were excited about the cheap products and had no leisure,
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DesignStudyGuide - Chapter 2: From Eighteen-fifty-one to...

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