WOMS210 Exam 2 Study Guide.docx - Exam 2 Study Guide Women...

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Exam 2 Study GuideWomen in Buddhism: Key women in the Buddha’s life:Maya (Mahamaya): Buddha’s mother. The Buddha is born through an opening in his mother’s waist. Here she is only seen to glorify the founder’s birth as a unique event. She is said to die shortly after his birthPrajapati: Maya’s sister who became Buddha’s wet nurse and nanny.Known as the first women who Buddha ordain as a nun.Yasodhara: Buddha’s wife and the mother of his only son.Son named: Rahula (which means fetter)Saw her as unworthy/abjectWhen near death, Buddha met a woman who offered him a savory rice dish and regained his strengthWhen he accepted, he reached his enlightenmentThis women is an embodiment of female compassion and shows the traditional virtue of generosityThe Earth GoddessAfter he was recognized as Buddha, he has women who were eager to become his followersHe addressed women with empathy and compassion but his interactions with them weren’t noticeably different from the ones with themThere is no affirmation of women as persons of intellectual and spiritual potency equal menBut Buddha has spoken words affirming women's spiritual potential as equal to men**Only Prajapati occupies a special positionShe convinces Anada, who persuades Buddha, that the creation of a nins order is desirableAmbapali: a wealthy courtesan and a devoted lay personSangha: is a community of Buddhists which was a self-governing body based on consensual decision of the local monastic community. (Buddhist monastic order)Take vows and dedicate their life to the pursuit of compassion and nirvanaFourfold community consisting of monks, nuns, laymen/laywomen; in a more restricted sense, only monks and nuns.Historical/traditional: the difference between the nuns’ and monks’ orders was insignificantLocal communities were independentThe rules used to assess attitudes towards womenThe change in the position of Buddhist nuns is seen in the gender preferences and restriction governing the court culture of the timeContemporary: the demise of Buddhism is due to the lack of a hierarchical structure, but history has proven them wrong at this point
Nunneries in China live in poverty and deprivation and receive no support from the government while monastery thrive.Advantages of Sangha:First career optionBoth male and female require consentMarried and unmarried women may enterChance to become “like a male”BIG esticologial myth is nirvana.To attain nirvana you must understand desireCelibacy is required for monks and nuns5 Principles: The Sila1.Do not kill2.Do not steal 3.Do not lie4.Do not commit unchaste acts5.Do not take intoxicants-10 Commandments based off theseWomen in IslamFounded by Prophet MuhammadAllah is the GodIslam is the fastest growing religion in the worldBasic beliefs of Muslims:Day of judgement

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