Hallucinogens essay.docx - Adison McClyment March 1 2017...

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Adison McClyment March 1, 2017 Hoyos AP Psychology Hallucinogens Hallucinogens are drugs that cause the user to perceive the five senses differently than when sober. They have been used for many years, dating back to ancient cultures who used them for cultural and healing purposes (History of Hallucinogens, 2015). In today’s society they are widely abused for recreational purposes mainly due to the fact that it can produce euphoric feelings and sensations. These psychedelic experiences, or trips, can either be pleasant and enjoyable or can create fear, anxiety, and insanity. Hallucinogens affect the brain by acting on the 5-HT2A serotonin receptors in the prefrontal cortex which causes hallucinations and perception disturbances (Abuse, How Do Hallucinogens Affect the Brain and Body, n.d.). There are various abused hallucinogens worldwide including LSD, peyote, psilocybin, ketamine, PCP, and an abundance of others. Hallucinogens have both short-term and long-term effects that alter perception. The short term effects begin within 20 to 90 minutes and last approximately twelve hours. The user experiences synesthesia, an effect that causes the user to
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