chapter 8 vocab.docx - Chapter 8 Vocab 1 Motivation The...

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Chapter 8 Vocab 1. Motivation: The biological, emotional, cognitive or social forces that activate and direct behavior 2. Instinct Theories: The view that certain human behaviors are innate and do to evolutionary programming 3. Drive Theories: The view that behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce internal tension caused by unmet biological needs 4. Homeostasis: The idea that the body monitors and maintains internal states to reach equilibrium 5. Drive: A need or internal motivational state that activates behavior to reduce the need and restore homeostasis 6. Incentive Theories: The view that behavior is motivated by the pool of external goals 7. Arousal theory: The view that people are motivated to maintain a level of arousal that is optimal neither too high nor too low 8. Sensation seeking: The degree to which an individual is motivated to experience high levels of sensory and physical arousal associated with varied in novel activities 9. Humanistic theories of motivation: The view that emphasizes the importance of psychological and cognitive factors in motivation 10. Glucose: simple sugar that provides energy and is primarily produced by the conversion of carbohydrates and fats a.k.a. blood sugar 11. Insulin: hormone produced by the pancreas that regulates blood levels of glucose and signals the hypothalamus,regulating hunger and eating behavior 12. Basal metabolic rate(BMR): when the body is at rest, the rate at which it uses energy for vital functions 13. Adipose tissue: body fat that is the main source of stored energy 14. Energy homeostasis: The long-term matching of food intake to energy expenditure
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  • Spring '17
  • GRACE HOYOS
  • Body mass index, unmet biological needs

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