Week 4 DQ Pharm APA Discussion Post 3_21_18 4_50_08 PM.docx - Initial Post Pharmacotherapy for Respiratory Disorders Common Cold The common cold is a

Week 4 DQ Pharm APA Discussion Post 3_21_18 4_50_08 PM.docx...

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Initial Post Pharmacotherapy for Respiratory Disorders: Common Cold The common cold is a virial infection of your upper respiratory tract (URI) it affects the nose and throat. It is usually harmless, children younger than 6 are at greatest risks, then older adults. Healthy adults can also get the common cold and it usually lasts about 10 days, but symptoms can linger. Symptoms usually appear one to three days after exposure to the virus. The symptoms vary but common ones include: runny or stuffy nose, sore throat, cough, congestion, slight body aches or a mild headache, sneezing, low-grade fever, and malaise (Mayo Clinic, 2017). Complications can result in otitis media, sinusitis, secondary infection such as pneumonia, streptococcal pharyngitis, bronchitis, croup (Anatomical Chart Company, 2017). Viruses that can cause the common cold are rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, myxoviruses, adenoviruses, coxsackieviruses, echoviruses (Anatomical Chart Company, 2017). The most common virus is the rhinovirus, coughing and nasal congestion are the most common symptoms reported. Transmission of the common cold is airborne by both small and large particles, and direct contact. The most common way for your provider to diagnose you with the common cold is through symptom evaluation with symptoms taking up to 2 weeks to subside (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017).
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