Jonah Keller Social Studies Study Guide Chapter Five 2017-12-06.pdf

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Jonah Keller 12/06/17 Ch. 5 study guide Global 1 Contents: Classical Greece Cultures of the Mountains and Sea 1-2 Sea 1 Land 1 Climate 2 Mycenaean 2 Dorians 2 Myths 2 City States 2-4 Athens 3 Sparta 3-4 Persian Wars 4 Greece Golden Age (Pericles) 4-5 Macedonia 5-6 Philip 2 6 Alexander the Great 6 Hellenistic Age 7 Philosophers 7 Cultures of the Mountains and Sea Sea : The Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, and the neighboring Black Sea were important transportation routes for the Greek People Sea travel connected Greece with other societies Trade was important because Greece lacked natural resources Land : Lots of mountains in Greece divided land into regions This led to federalist style government instead of centralized government Mountains made land transport difficult Only a small part of the land was suitable for farming Greece was unable to support a large population Motivated Greece to seek new colonies Climate : 1
Had range in temperature from 48 in winter to 80 in summer supported an outdoor life Men spent much of their leisure time outside discussing Public issues Exchanging news, and Taking an active part in civic life Mycenaean Civilization: Indo-Europeans who settled in Greek mainland known as Mycenaeans Their leading city was Mycenae Mycenae had a protective wall Around 1500 they came in contact with the Minoans and began seaborne trade Mycenaeans adopted Minoan writing and art During the 1200s Mycenaeans fought a ten-year war against Troy, located in Anatolia. Fought because Trojan prince kidnapped wife of a Greek king, Helen After Trojan war sea raiders attacked and burned Mycenaean cities Dorians Take over in 1200 BC: The Dorians spoke a dialect of Greek and may have been distant relatives of Bronze Age Greeks Dorians were less advanced than Mycenaeans Trade came to a standstill Lost writing Without writing had to learn about stories through spoken word Greatest story teller, wrote epics , was a man named Homer The Trojan war is the backdrop for his Iliad His story gave examples of arete meaning virtue and excellence Myths : Greeks created myths telling stories of their Gods Attributed human characteristics to their Gods Gods lived in Olympus Warring City-States: Setting the stage: People identified with the culture of their location rather than culture of ancestors Changed from tribal/clan control to formal government (city-states) Rule and Order in Greek City-States: Polis was the city-state used as the fundamental governmental unit by 750 BCE Citizens discussed government at the agora (market) or on a hill called an acropolis City-states had many forms of government Monarchy = One ruler Aristocracy

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