Jonah Keller Social Studies Study Guide Test No. 9 2018-03-28.pdf

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Jonah Keller Social Studies Study Guide Chapter 14: Contents Church Reform and the Crusades 2-6 The Age of Faith 2-3 Cathedrals 3-4 Goals of the Crusades 4 First and Second Crusades 4-5 Third Crusade 5 Crusading Spirit Dwindles 5-6 Effects of the Crusades 6 Changes in Medieval Society 6-5 Growing Food Supply 6-7 The Guilds 7 Commercial Revolution 4-5 Urban Life 5 Reviaval of Learning England and France Develop 5-7 England Absorbs Waves of Invaders 5 England’s Evolving Government 6 Capetian Dynasty Rules France 6 The Hundred Years War and the Plague 7- A Church Divided 7-8 The Bubonic Plague 8 The Hundred Years War 8 Review Questions Multiple Choice Short Response Church Reforms and the Crusades The Age of Faith 1
The church restructured itself Started massive building programs Monasteries led the spiritual revival Monastery at Clun Reformers wanted to return to basic principles of christianity. Established new religious orders. Popes reformed church Influenced by Religious devotion Reverence for god Shown by new monasteries Problems in the Church Priest were illiterate Could barely read prayers Popes were of questionable morals. Bishops and abbots cared about position as feudal lords rather than spiritual leaders. Main distress of reformers were Village priest married and had families Against church rulings Bishops sold positions in the church Called Simony Use of Lay Investiture Kings appointing bishops . Believed church alone should appoint bishops. Pope Leo IX and Gregory VII enforced laws against simony priest marriage. The church was restructured to resemble a kingdom. Curia Popes advisers Acted as a court Developed cannon law on marriage , divorce , inheritance Law of the church Decided cases based on these laws. Diplomats travel through europe to deal with king and bishops. Church collect tithes Taxes One tenth of yearly income from a christian family. 2
Church used money to perform social services Care for sick and poor Church operate most hospitals in medieval europe Friars Took vows of chastity poverty obedience . Did not live apart from the world in monasteries Preached to poor Owned nothing Beggars Dominicans Founded by Dominic Dominic emphasized the importance of study Dominicans were scholars One of the earliest orders of friars Franciscan Founded by Francis of Assisi Italian All creatures are his spiritual brothers Women joined friar orders Clare founded Franciscan order for women Known as Poor Clares Hildegard of Bingen Founded a Benedictine convent. Women lived like the friars Women couldn't preach Cathedrals Cathedrals are representation of the city of god .

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