Malthus.docx - 12/7/15 Micro Economics Thomas Malthus...

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12/7/15Micro EconomicsThomas Malthus Population Growth TheoryThomas Robert Malthus was born near Guildford, Surrey England February1766. Malthus’s father was very prosperous but was known as an odd man and alsoknown for educating his son at home. Malthus graduated from Cambridge University,earning a master's degree in 1791.In 1805, Malthus became ahistory and politicaleconomics professor.Thomas Malthus is known for creating a theory of human population. Malthuswrote"Essay on the Principle of Population"in 1798. Thomas Malthus believed that thehuman population grows very rapidly and is un-proportional to the amount of naturalsources the world already has.Malthus believed that as a result of the rapidly growingpopulation food would become limited.Thomas Malthus assumed that the world wouldbegin a downward spiral. Overall, he predicted that the uncontrolled population growthwould lead to a depletion of resources, increased pollution, overcrowding, andincreased unemployment. He thought these problems would then lead to largerproblems, such as starvation, increased diseases, crime, poverty, and eventually war.The central theme of Malthus work was that population growth would always overpowerfood supply growth, creating constant states of hunger, disease, and struggle. Malthuspredicted that these events would be how the Earth would control the human populationin the future. He thought that these problems would lead to increased death rates and
lower birth rates, which would eventually help return the human population to amanageable size where there would be enough resources to support the entirepopulation.Thomas Malthus not only created the idea of population growth, but he alsoinfluenced multiple other scientist such as Charles Darwin to come up with othertheories. The natural, chronic struggle for survival caught the attention of Darwin, andhe extended Malthus principle to the evolutionary scheme.Thomas Malthus although already a well known economist soon furtheradvanced his particular body of knowledge through his book titled An Essay on thePrinciple of Population. Although there was various books already published onpopulation it had become “acknowledged as the most influential work of its era”.

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Term
Spring
Professor
Kolberg

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