Living the Bible Exam Defintions.docx - 1 Patriarch(Biblical Period Defined as individuals who act as monarchs dealing with kings and rulers on the

Living the Bible Exam Defintions.docx - 1...

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1) Patriarch (Biblical Period) Defined as individuals who act as monarchs, dealing with kings and rulers on the level of international relations Patriarchs had rights and absolute power in their own households – showing the importance from the story of Tamar and Judah (she is pregnant, not living in Judah’s house so he doesn’t get to chose the punishment as the patriarch, but as the injured party because she is married to his son) 2) Satan/Denouncer/Denunciation One who accuses another of having committed a serious wrong against a higher authority such as a deity or king The offended party (king) could act as both plaintiff and judge, bringing the defendant before his own court – this show the importance of how courts and the legal system was corrupt in some ways creating a biased towards kings and higher authorities 3) Petition People who had been wronged could bypass their local court and petition the king to hear their case and do justice. This was important because for if some reason the judge in court had rendered the wrong verdict the individual was able to bypass that ruling and get a second opinion from the king who would be assumed to have a decent grasp on the laws of the time and hopefully render a correct decision 4) Witnesses This was the most important form of testimony in a trial – having a life human witness it was the parties responsibility to bring the witness before the court Objects could also serve as a witness (i.e. a herdsman who lost someone’s sheep to a wild beast and as long as he brings back the remains he is not liable) The importance of the witness was that they were able to put the object into context and ultimately it was the testimony of the witness that the court would believe – without a witness it would be difficult to win your case 5) Presumption A device commonly used in the ANE was evidentiary presumption. Where one state of affairs could be proved, it was assumed to prove a second state of affairs that then determined guilt or innocence The importance of the presumptions was not to provide definitive proof, but to shift the burden of proof onto the other party The importance of this to prove a state of mind – woman raped in town vs. field 6) Documentary Evidence These records private legal transactions form the ANE record oral transactions in the presence of witnesses
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This record was important in the scenario that the witnesses memory was faulty this document would reinforce the fact that the transaction occurred This was very important for loans in regards to large number transaction, land sales (these acted as title of deeds) 7) Oath Definition: Widespread legal procedure in the Ancient Near East. There are two kinds of oaths: promissory and declaratory. If a party declared the oath, they would win the case.
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  • Winter '14
  • Chaya Halberstam
  • Judaism, Halakha, Judah haNasi, Judah ha-Nasi, legal codes

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