Midterm Study Guide.docx

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P104S: The Social Animal Fall 2016 Midterm Study Guide Introduction What is social psychology? “The scientific study of the way in which people’ s thoughts, feelings, and behavior are influenced by the real or imagined presence of other people How does it differ from other subfields in psychology (e.g. abnormal, personality, cognitive psychology) and from other fields in general (e.g. anthropology, sociology)? SP is Not abnormal psychology because SP study everyday behavior. Not cognitive psychology because SP study social behavior. Not sociology because SP study individual behavior. Not personality psychology b ecause SP study situational behavior. What is the person x situation matrix and how does it relate to personality and social psychology? Situation1 situation2 situation3 situation4 People People People People Personality psychology interested in rows. ( ie: how people respond differently tha n others , but consistently across situations.) Social psychology interested in columns . (i.e.: how situations lead people to respond similarly to one another) Four themes to keep in mind: importance of construal, culture, natural selection, and people - Importance of Construal Subjective: If [people] define situations as real, they are real in their consequences - Importance of Culture Individualism Independent Western, European Self as distinct from others Desire to distinguish Egalitarian Thinking entity-based Collectivism Interdependent Eastern, Asian, Latin Self as linked to others Desire to fit in Hierarchical
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Thinking is holistic/contextual - Importance of Natural Selection Evolutionary approach emphasizes continuity with other species, cultures Evolution ≠ Strict Genetic Determinism - Importance of People Some Species are Ultra - Social Research Design What are the three goals of science? What are the key aspects of experimental and correlational studies and how do they differ? What is the third variable problem in correlational studies? How do you interpret a correlational study? What other types of research designs do social psychologists use (e.g. observational research, archival research)? How does random assignment work in experimental designs? What is the validity tradeoff? Key Terms: Internal validity External validity Reliability Confounds Extraneous variables Correlation Operationalization Participant reactivity Muller-Lyer illusion Social Influence What is the difference between conformity, compliance, and obedience? What factors lead to an increase/decrease in conformity (e.g. group size, group unanimity, culture, etc..)?
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