DS assignment final.docx - Development is often known to be a specified state of growth or advancement a new and advanced product or idea an event

DS assignment final.docx - Development is often known to be...

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Development is often known to be “a specified state of growth or advancement; a new and advanced product or idea; an event constituting a new stage in a changing situation.” It is believed to be direction taken in a positive way, hence yielding about some positive growth. Development is ‘Good change’ according to Chambers (1997), but this is not as straightforward as it sounds. For example, who decides which change is good? Thomas (2000) explains three ways the word ‘development’ is used. The first one is “DEVELOPMENT AS A VISION”: a vision or description of how desirable a society is. The Visions of Development briefing explores these further. The second one is “DEVELOPMENT AS A HISTORICAL PROCESS”: social change that takes place over long periods of time due to inevitable processes. For example, arguments have been made that both capitalism and communism are unavoidable results of progress. And the third one is “DEVELOPMENT AS ACTION: these are deliberate efforts to change things for the better. For example, providing food aid to alleviate hunger. Development has a history of being linked with capitalism, with ‘Good Change’ commonly associated with industrialization and modernization on the basis of free markets. Therefore, development is closely bound with ideologies and value. Beliefs about definitions of development shape the assumptions, values, actions, processes and aims of organizations and institutions (their theories of change). VIEWS OF ‘DEVELOPMENT’ PERSPECTIVE VIEWS OF DEVELOPMENT Neoliberalism A capitalist perspective – no development action is needed except to have free markets. The resulting perpetual economic growth will ‘trickle down’ so everyone benefits. Neoliberalists see history as the result of individual rational actions. Structuralism The state is in control - history is the result of political and economic struggles. Development is mostly the responsibility of the state and aims for a modern industrial society. Interventionism A perspective that recognizes there are losers as well as winners of capitalist progress. Development action tries to help the ‘losers’. More recently, a concern of the negative impacts of capitalist growth on the environment has been considered. In some cases, intervention is to remove barriers to modernization, in others it is to influence the direction of change. People centered/ alternative This is based on the belief that all humans can reach their potential. Development involves empowering groups and individuals to make their own choices. Individuals and social movements are the agents of change. Post development This perspective Page 1 of 8
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argues that development is not a good thing – in this view development agencies and governments use ‘doing good’ as an excuse to maintain power and control.
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  • Fall '17
  • Sociology, administrator, Chambers, Korean Association for Public Administration

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