1 Administration, as we all know is about rational organization, and the management of men, women and material. The arrangement of personnel for facilitating the accomplishment of some agreed purpose through the allocation of functions and responsibilities is organization. It is the relating of efforts and capacities of individuals and groups engaged upon a common task in such a way as to secure the desired objective with the least friction and the most satisfaction to those for whom the task is done and those engaged in the enterprise. The necessary point in that structure is an arrangement of the working relations of individuals, not merely an impersonal process of putting blocks together to make a building. A person has to be found to be fit in the framework of sound organization. Bureaucracy is in our bone. Prehistoric evidence unearthed at archaeological digs suggests that the rudiments of a bureaucratic social order were in place 19,000 years ago. Bureaucracy predates, by many millennia earliest experiments with democracy, the emergence of the globes great religions, and the dawn of civilization itself. Bureaucracy may not be basic to the human conciliations, but it is basic to human society. However, as soon as primitive men began to act jointly with their fellows, they started to plan, organize and coordinate. All these make administration the oldest of profession. But as an academic discipline of study, Public Administration is of recent growth and is still growing further with the change in the environment of Public Administration and also due to its inter-relationship with other disciplines. Therefore, Public Administration, which deals with the science of getting things done in the most efficient ways in the Public sector, will sometime to be a popular study that will generate much interest. And for a long time to come, government and governmental agencies will continue to dominate the scope of human activities in the country. The other reasons which make the study of Public Administration in Nigeria a fascinating subject, is the story of an administration which since independence in 1960, has been struggling to orientate itself from a routine Law-and-order POL 123 INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 2 administration to a public administration geared to results and equipped to face the challenge of the 1970s, and 1980s. Sadly enough, while successive rulers have been so preoccupied with series of political problems and disturbances, there has been little time to ponder on the problems of public administration. Public Administration involves leading, organizing, financing, and managing organizations that focus on public and not-for-profit service. A degree in public administration helps prepare you
2 for work in government organizations, public and not-for-profit service, and graduate or law school.