2nd exam study guide-lecture

2nd exam study guide-lecture - Comm 203- 2nd Midterm...

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Comm 203- 2 nd Midterm Review- Lecture NTVS Factors contributing to Violence - gang membership - drugs and alcohol - poverty - brain damage - impulsivity - racism Limitations of previous Content Analyses - context matters- there is a difference between good and bad violence - didn’t focus on “harm” Three harmful outcomes - fear - desensitization - learning aggression Impact of Contextual factors - Attractive Perpetrator- increases learning of aggression - Attractive victim- increases fear - Justified violence- increases learning of aggression - Unjustified Violence- decreases the learning of aggression, increases fear - Conventional Weapons- increases learning of aggression - Extensive/Graphic Violence- increases learning of aggression, increases fear, increases desensitization - Realistic Violence- increases learning of aggression, increases fear - Rewards- increases learning of aggression, increases fear - Punishments- decrease learning of aggression, decreases fear - Pain/Harm cues- decreases learning of aggression - Humor- increases learning of aggression, increases desensitization Stipulations of definition - intent to harm - physical harm - animate beings Composite week - program slots selected randomly throughout television season by time slot and time of day - not an intact week - most accurate selection - 23 channels from 6 am- 11pm, 3000 programs per year - Excluded: sports, breaking news, infomercials, game shows, religious programs Findings - violence is glamorized - Violence is sanitized (over half of violence on TV show no harm or pain; clean) - Physical aggression is trivialized (unrealistic) - Unchastised – no punishment - Anti-violence themes are not emphasized
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- 18,000 violent interactions per week - 8,000 violent scenes per week Effects of Violence Aggression - Huesmann and Eron o Found that TV violence exposure at the age of 8 was related to how aggressive you were at the age of 30 o How aggressive you are when you are young does not contribute to the amount of TV violence watched at the age of 30 - Priming/ Cognitive Neoassociationistic Theory o Memory Collection of networks Networks contained nodes
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2nd exam study guide-lecture - Comm 203- 2nd Midterm...

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