3. The Mao's Years.pdf - Government and Political...

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Government and Political Development of Politics Dr. Guanyi Leu
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The Mao Years Mao’s Rise to Power Mao’s Strategies, Policy Implementations, and Experiments in the 1940s during the Yan’an Era China’s Transition to Socialism: 1949-1955 Consolidating a government Early political campaigns Transforming Political and Economic Organizations and Social Structures Deepening Socialist Reform and Experiments to Quick Industrialization: 1956-1965 The 1956 Hundred Flowers Movement the 1957 anti-rightist campaign The Great Leap Forward, 1958-1960 The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution & Great Disorder 1966-1976
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Mao’s Rise to Power During the Yan-An Era (1) What had Mao Done to be able to successfully consolidate CCP’s in rural area? Major Features of Mao Zedong Thought, Ideas, and Practices Pragmatic ideology and policy that produced revolutionary success Action-Oriented and Circumstance-Driven - Ideology is action oriented; practice is the sole criterion of truth (adapting Marxism to China) - Avoided unnecessary struggles and being flexible to maximized the united front of potential allies Emphasis of human will in opposition to material conditions - Ex: long march, during the Great Leap Forward, after splitting with USSR, Living fugality and close to the Mass life M ao’s Successful Practices in the Rural A rea won him the power over the faction supported by Comintern or Moscow Earned the support from Stalin’s endorsement in the late 1938. He had led a unified party - Drawing widely on talents and b eing sensitive to the various constituencies in the party
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Mao’s Rise to Power During Yan-An Era (2) Features of Decision Making and Implementation Process Being Close to the Mass Line keep the party in touch with the masses, and keep the people politically active.
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