Final Exam Outlined Answers

Final Exam Outlined Answers - Answers Question 1 Choice and...

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Answers Question 1 Choice and Coercion: State has an interest in sterilizing somebody when the potential offspring is likely to be inadequate (“feebleminded,” "moronic," "delinquent" or "promiscuous," as the administrative papers put it. Ninety-nine percent were women, and the program disproportionately targeted African Americans.) Women’s bodies came under control of men who used medical and reproductive technology to reinforce women’s subordinate status in society Development of cheap contraceptives aimed at minorities and the poor The average woman, obviously unable to produce her own birth control or perform her own abortion, had to seek the help of medical professionals. The medical profession is under the supervision of the government. Thus the liberal democracy, in practice, gives the power of contraception and abortion to the government. In the creation of this liberal democracy, the framers trusted politicians to do the right thing. It turns out that, as far as contraception and abortion went, the politicians did the right thing only as it concerned them. (white males) Supreme Court Cases: Griswold v Connecticut (7-2 for using contraceptives) The Constitution protects a right to privacy relating to contraceptives. Connecticut law violates the right to marital privacy. Law forbade the use, not sale or manufacture. Seeks to achieve goal by maximum destruction upon relationship Ninth Amendment (enumeration) Even though not explicitly expressed, protects liberties that are “so rooted in the traditions and conscience of our people as to be ranked as fundamental” Roe v Wade (for abortion) Right of privacy founded in the Fourteenth Amendement’s concept of personal liberty and restrictions upon state action Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Maternity or additional offspring would bring a distressful future Bringing the baby into a family unable, psychologically and otherwise Rejects Texas’ assertion that life begins at conception The only state interest is the woman’s life Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v Casey (women don’t need to have husbands’ permission) Husband notification provision constitutes an undue burden Fathers’ interests in fetus’ welfare not equal to mother’s liberty Gonzales v. Carhart
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Upholds an Act Congress passed Says that certain types of abortion are illegal Aimed to uphold the integrity and ethics of the medical profession Leon Kass’ Article (against cloning) Opposes most kinds of interference in the reproductive process, including birth control, as well as deliberate efforts to increase human longevity Slippery slope argument with regards to reproductive technology such as in vitro fertilization Desensitize society Leads to acceptance of reproductive cloning Any woman’s destiny is motherhood Never Let Me Go
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