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Final Mill and Huxley - Andrew Corey MC 201 To Each His Own...

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Andrew Corey MC 201 To Each His Own “Let every man judge according to his own standards, by what he has himself read, not by what others tell him.” In stating this, Albert Einstein noticed the difference between individualism and conformity. Aldous Huxley and John Stuart Mill both speak on this topic in their books Brave New World and On Liberty respectively. Huxley expresses his views through the characters in his book, allowing them to speak on the tension between individualism and social order. Mill provides us his support of individualism in a philosophical essay form. Brave New World is a fictional novel which depicts a dystopian society where the citizens are genetically conditioned into social classes before they leave the test tube. The people are then further conditioned to think, act, and feel the same as each other. Women are to act promiscuous, science is limited only to improvements in controlling peoples’ lives and the world state is taught to consume to the degree that “ending is better than mending.” The world state is most likely best described by their motto, “Community, Identity, Stability.” Through reading John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty , it is clear that his ideal society would not be the one which Huxley has created. Being a utilitarian, Mill would agree that the determining consideration of right conduct should be the usefulness of its consequences. However, he does recognize the difference between opinions and actions. “No one pretends that actions should be as free as opinions. On the contrary, even opinions lose their immunity, when the circumstances in which they are expressed are
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Andrew Corey MC 201 such as to constitute their expression a positive instigation to some mischievous act…The liberty of the individual must be thus far limited; he must not make himself a nuisance to other people” (Mill 64). Mill does not argue for the right to act on your beliefs in all cases, but rather for the freedom to express ones thoughts as they do not infringe on the rights of others.
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