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1The Synthesis and Analysis of Potassium Ferric Oxalate TrihydrateJoshua Rodriguez02-7-18121L section 2
2The Synthesis and Analysis of Potassium Ferric Oxalate TrihydrateBased on the actual and theoretical yield of the product, the percent yield of Fe¿3H2Ok3¿wasdetermined to be 56.795.In addition, the weight percentage of C2O4in Fe¿3H2Ok3¿wascalculated to be 55.78based off of the titration data with a percent error of 3.777%. Introduction In this experiment, Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate was synthesized and analysed. The purpose of this experiment was learn about coordination compounds, metal ion-ligand complexes, hydrates, and how to calculate theoretical and actual yield of a reaction. Many compounds were added to Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Hexahydrate and heated to synthesize Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate. The mass in grams of each compound was converted to moles and then used to calculate the theoretical yield of Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate. In the second week of the experiment, the Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate was analyzed and the actual and percentage yield for the reaction were calculated. A titration was also carried out to determine the percentage Oxalate Ion (2¿C2O4¿) in the Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate. There is also an addendum to this experiment demonstrating how water molecules can be removed from and added to hydrates. Experimental Data The apparatus used to synthesize the Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate was prepared and run: In the first reaction, 15 ml of distilled water, 5 drops of 3M H2SO4, and 25 ml of 1MH2C2O4was added to 5 g of Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Hexahydrate. Heat was then applied as a catalyst. The product was filtered so that only the precipitate remained. In the second reaction, 10 ml of K2C2O4, 20 ml of 3% H2O2, and 8 ml of 1MH2C2O4was added to the precipitate. The solution was then run through a filter using a funnel and filter paper so that only an aqueous solution remained, 10 ml of ethyl alcohol was then added to this aqueous solution. The was Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate synthesized: The crystals produced by the chemical reaction were filtered using a Buchner funnel set-upAfter the crystals were dried, they were then weighed The resulting mass was 3.5576 grams of Potassium Ferric Oxalate Trihydrate
3The Permanganate Solution was standardized:An aqueous solution of Sodium Oxalate, Sulfuric Acid, and water was formed and heated to 60C

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